Romania - Labour market development analysed - February 28, 2017

A labour market analysis revealed that there were 4.9 million work contracts in 2015, and a working population of 8.4 million. The statistics confirm previous Eurostat data according to which Romania is one of the European countries with one of the lowest rates of employment by work contract. Alongside Greece and Turkey, Romania is one of the countries where the share of employees from the total active population stands below 75%, due to the high number of people working as self-employed persons. By contrast, the EU average stands at 84.6%, while in countries such as Denmark, Estonia, Luxembourg, Sweden and Norway the percentage of employees from the active population exceeds 90%. The main occupational groups that recorded increases in the number of individual work contracts were the low-skilled workers in the extractive industry, construction sector, processing industry and transports. The most significant decreases were registered among specialists in science and engineering, where individual work contracts went down by 25,992, and healthcare, where the number of contracts went down by 8,371.

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For more information, please contact the editor Jan Cremers, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies (AIAS) or the communications officer at the ETUI, Willy De Backer For previous issues of the Collective bargaining newsletter please visit Since June 2013 readers can consult our archive and search through all articles in our database at www.cbnarchive.euYou may find further information on the ETUI at, and on the AIAS at

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