Work and Wages

Minimum Wage

In accordance with article 48(5) of the Constitution, workers and employees have the right to guaranteed minimum pay. Labour Code as well as separate decrees have provisions on the minimum wage.

There is a single national minimum wage in the country determined by a decree. There are no sectoral, occupational or regional minimum wages in the country.

The regulation of industrial relations (and all related matters including the minimum wage) by the State is carried out in cooperation and after mandatory consultations with workers' and employers' representative organizations. The above cooperation and consultation is carried out at the national level by the National Council for Tripartite Cooperation.

The Council has two representatives each of the Council of Ministers, representative organizations for workers (and employees) and employers.  The Council of Ministers works towards fixing of the national minimum wage, types and amounts of additional labour remuneration and of the benefits under an employment relationship in so far these are not fixed under the Code.

The criteria for determining and updating minimum wage includes needs of workers and their families, cost of living, level of wages and incomes in the country, social security benefits, economic development, productivity, level of employment and relevant living standards of other social groups.

During the training period of 6 months, apprentices receive labour remuneration in proportion to the work done but not less than 90% of the national minimum wage.

Sources: §48(5) of the Constitution of Bulgaria 1991, last amended in 2007; §3, 218 & 244 of Labour Code 1986, last amended in July 2015; Decree No. 249 of 31 October 2013 setting the new amount of minimum wage; Decree No. 129 concerning the transition towards negotiations on wages

Regular Pay

Wage payment is regulated under the Labour Code.

A contract is required to specify the basic and supplementary labour remuneration of permanent nature and the frequency of its payment. The labour remuneration has to be paid in cash however additional remuneration or part thereof may be paid in kind if it is provided in an act of Council of Ministers, a collective agreement or an employment contract.

Labour remuneration is paid at the enterprise where work is performed. Wages are paid in advance or twice a month as a final payment unless otherwise agreed. The labour remuneration is paid to the factory or office worker in person under a payroll or against a receipt. Wages can be paid to the relatives of a worker upon the written request by a worker. At the written request of a worker, wages are deposited to a bank named by the employee.

As a general rule, no deductions may be made from a worker's wages without worker's consent. Certain deductions have been allowed which include deductions for advance payments received, amount overpaid as a result of technical error, deductible taxes, social insurance contributions and other deductions allowed under the law.

sources: §66 & 269-272 of the Labour Code 1986, last amended in July 2015

Regulations on Work and Wages

  • Конституция на Република България 1991 г., последно изменена през 2007 г. / Constitution of Bulgaria 1991, last amended in 2007
  • Кодекс на труда 1986 г., последно изменен през 2017 г. / Labour Code 1986, last amended in 2017
  • Постановление № 249 от 31 октомври 2013 за определяне на нов размер на минималната работна заплата / Decree No. 249 of 31 October 2013 setting the new amount of minimum wage
  • Постановление № 129 за изменение на наредбата за заплатите / Decree No. 129 concerning the transition towards negotiations on wages

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