EU Sources - Labour cost data updated - April 30, 2017

Eurostat updated its webpage with hourly labour costs. In 2016, average hourly labour costs were estimated at 25.4 euro in the EU-28 and at 29.8 euro in the euro area (EA-19). However, this average masks significant gaps between EU Member States, with hourly labour costs ranging between 4.4 euro and 42.0 euro. The countries at the bottom of the list (below 10 euro per hour) are Bulgaria (4.4), followed by Romania (5.5), Lithuania (7.3), Latvia (7.5), Hungary (8.3) and Poland (8.6). Between 2015 and 2016, hourly labour costs in the whole economy rose by 1.6% in the EU and by 1.4% in the euro area. While being part of the lower wage bracket, the Baltic countries saw the strongest increase within the euro area at 7.5% in Lithuania, 6.4% in Latvia and 5.6% in Estonia. For member states outside the euro area, expressed in their national currency, the largest rises in hourly labour costs in the whole economy were registered in Romania (+12.7%) and Bulgaria (+7.8%). The only decrease was observed in Italy with its wages going down by 0.8%.


For more information, please contact the editor Jan Cremers, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies (AIAS) or the communications officer at the ETUI, Willy De Backer For previous issues of the Collective bargaining newsletter please visit Since June 2013 readers can consult our archive and search through all articles in our database at www.cbnarchive.euYou may find further information on the ETUI at, and on the AIAS at

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