EU Sources -EIRO: working hours unchanged but real wages declining across Europe -July 11, 2013

The European industrial relations observatory online (EIRO) has published two reports, one on monitoring developments in pay and the other on collectively agreed working time. The average collectively agreed working time in 2012 was 38.1 hours per week, which is equal to the year before. More changes were found in the pay report. Only Sweden (+1.7%), Austria (+0.8%), Germany (+0.6%), France (+0.4%) and Belgium (+0.4%, including indexation) experienced increases in real wages in 2012. The only sectors where real wages rose in 2012 were metal, banking and local government. EIRO researchers found that indexation mechanisms worked to compensate for rises in prices in 2012 to a much greater extent than in 2011.



For more information, please contact the editor Jan Cremers, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies (AIAS) or the communications officer at the ETUI, Mariya Nikolova For previous issues of the Collective bargaining newsletter please visit You may find further information on the ETUI at, and on the AIAS at

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