Norway - Integration of refugees and the gender gap - January 31, 2017

Half of the women who participate in the Introduction programme for newly arrived refugees are in work or education one year after the programme. The political goal is 70%. Men achieve this target, but women do not. The question is raised why there is such a gender gap. The author analyses the main developments on the labour market and the functioning of the introduction program.  One reason for refugee women’s poorer participation may just be the accumulation of demanding care tasks in this phase of life. They are often from countries where kindergarten is an unknown phenomenon or where places are limited. The threshold for participation in society will therefore be higher for some women than for men. Many will need time to gain a foothold in the competitive labour market with its strict qualification requirements.

English: ...  

For more information, please contact the editor Jan Cremers, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies (AIAS) or the communications officer at the ETUI, Willy De Backer For previous issues of the Collective bargaining newsletter please visit Since June 2013 readers can consult our archive and search through all articles in our database at www.cbnarchive.euYou may find further information on the ETUI at, and on the AIAS at

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