Latvia - Envelope wages make up 36.3% of all wages in construction - June 30, 2016

A study on the shadow economy in construction conducted by the Latvian Partnership of Building Contractors, Business against Shadow Economy (BASE) NGO, and the Stockholm School of Economics in Riga (SSE Riga) revealed that unreported pay or the so-called envelope wages make up 36.3% of all wages paid in the construction sector, which is significantly higher than the country’s average figure of 17.9%. Also other elements of the shadow economy are much higher represented in the construction sector than on average. The proportion of unreported income in construction is 31.6% compared to 19.9% in the total economy, and unreported employment reaches 23.5% against 9.6% on average.

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For more information, please contact the editor Jan Cremers, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies (AIAS) or the communications officer at the ETUI, Willy De Backer For previous issues of the Collective bargaining newsletter please visit Since June 2013 readers can consult our archive and search through all articles in our database at www.cbnarchive.euYou may find further information on the ETUI at, and on the AIAS at

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