Fair Treatment

Fair Treatment at Work

Equal Pay

At workplaces equal pay for men and women for work of equal value is a must, regardless of marital status. Pay inequality based on race, colour, sex, religion, political opinion, national extraction/place of birth or social origin is also forbidden. A transparent remuneration system and the clear matching of pay and position should be in place and to help prevent wage discrimination.


Sexual Harassment

Not clearly provided in ILO Conventions. However, sexual intimidation/harassment is gender discrimination.                                                                                                                                             


Your employer can't discriminate against you on in any aspect of employment (appointment, promotion, training and transfer) on the basis of union membership or participation in union activities, filing of a complaint against an employer, race, colour, sex, marital status, family responsibilities, pregnancy, religion, political opinion, national extraction or social origin, temporary absence due to illness, age, trade union membership, disability/HIV-AIDS, or absence from work during maternity leave. 


Right to work

People have the right to work and there can't be occupational segregation on the basis of gender.



Children at Work

Children under 15

At workplaces, children may not be forced to perform work that could harm their health and hampers their physical and mental development. All children should be able to attend school. Once this is safeguarded, there is no objection against children performing light jobs between the ages of 12 and 14.The general minimum age is 15 years however developing countries may set this at 14 years. The minimum age for hazardous work, work that is likely to jeopardize the health, safety or morals of young persons, is 18 years. It can also be set at a lower level of 16 years under certain circumstances.


Hazardous Work and children

Children should not be employed in a work that is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children. It is considered one of the worst forms of child labour. The minimum age for such hazardous work is 18 years.


Forced Labour  

Forced labour is the work one has to perform under threat of punishment: forfeit of wages, dismissal, harassment or violence, even corporal punishment. Forced labour means violation of human rights.        

Prohibition on Forced and Compulsory labour

Except for certain exceptions, forced or compulsory labour (exacted under the threat of punishment and for which you may not have offered voluntarily) is prohibited.


Freedom to change jobs

Employers have to allow you to look for work elsewhere. If you do, you should not be shortened on wages or threatened with dismissal. (In the reverse cases, international law considers this as forced labour).           

ILO Conventions on fair treatment at work:

  • Convention 111 (1958) lists the forbidden grounds for discrimination,
  • Convention 100 (1952) is about Equal Remuneration for Work of Equal Value. 

ILO Conventions about working children:

  • Minimum Age: Convention 138 (1973)                                                               
  • Worst Forms of Child labour: Convention 182 (1999).   

ILO Conventions on Forced/Bonded labour:                                                              

  • Forced labour Conventions 29 (1930),     
  • Abolition of Forced labour: Conventions 105 (1957).

Go for national regulations per country to the Decent Work Check