Living Wage Series - Azerbaijan - September 2019 - In Azerbaijanian Manat, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in more than 70 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in AZN)

  Typical family Standard family Single-adult
  from-to from-to from-to
Food expenses 310-400 320-410 80-105
Housing expenses 315-550 315-550 170-305
Transport expenses 21-30 21-30 10-15
Healthcare expenses 50-79 50-79 13-20
Education expenses 30-50 30-50 0
Other expenses 36-55 37-56 14-22
Total Expenditure 762-1164 773-1175 287-467
Net Living Wage 448-685 429-653 287-467
Gross Living Wage 535-815 510-775 340-555

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.


Family Living Wages (monthly rates in AZN)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

Typical family (two parents + 1.9 children, 1.7 working) 535-815
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 510-775
Two parents and two children, 2 working 460-700
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 615-930
Two parents and two children, 1 working 920-1400
Two parents and three children, 1.7 working 600-900
Two parents and four children, 1.7 working 660-975
Single-adult without children, 1 working 340-555

Note: Results in the table are rounded.


Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in AZN)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2016 2017 2018 2019
Minimum wage 105 105 130 180
Living Wage - Single Adult - - 325-520 340-555
Living Wage - Typical Family - - 520-775 535-815
Real wage of low-skilled worker 315-565 315-610 310-580 375-675
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 370-545 380-605 410-615 445-660
Real wage of high-skilled worker 375-580 390-680 400-660 490-790

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.


Food basket and food prices in AZN

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food item Grams per day Energy (kcal) Price per kilo
Wheat, barley and cereals products 439 1201 1-1.3
Rice 4 15 1.5-2
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 65 126 5-8
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 3 29 3-4.2
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 34 127 -
Maize and products 26 71 -
Milk - Excluding Butter 300 169 1-1.2
Vegetables, Other 201 41 .8-1
Potatoes and products 146 97 .6-.6
Butter, Ghee 6 48 -
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 7 21 -
Pulses, Other and products 0 0 3-3
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 16 22 12-18
Sunflowerseed Oil 3 23 3-3.4
Fish products 4 3 6-10
Beer (0.5 liter/pint) 109 53 -
Sweeteners, Other 2 4 -
Beans 2 6 -
Bananas 2 1 2.1-2.5
Apples and products 28 13 1-1.5
Tomatoes and products 95 17 1-2
Onions 32 10 .5-.6
Oranges, Mandarines 8 2 1.7-1.9
Roots, Other 0 0 1-1
Seeds and kernels 0 0 4.2-5.3
Wine (bottle) 0 1 -
Cream 0 0 6-7.3
Olives (including preserved) 0 0 6-8
Honey 1 1 -
Citrus, Other 1 0 1.6-3.5
Lemons, Limes and products 1 0 2-3


WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

WageIndicator useful links:

Publication Guzi, M., & Kahanec, M. (2019). Estimating Living Wage Globally. Amsterdam, WageIndicator Foundation
WageIndicator Wages in Context Map with the latest updates
All You Always wanted to Know about Living Wages