Gender Pay Gap in the Formal Sector in India (2006-2013)

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Women constitute almost half of the population of India (48%) (Census India, 2011) and thus half the potential labour force. We cannot deny the fact that as a group they do as much work as men, if not more, but the type of work they do – as well as the conditions under which they work and their access to opportunities for advancement – differ from that of men. Women are often marginalised in access to employment opportunities and conditions of work; furthermore, many women sometimes forego or curtail employment because of family pressures or responsibilities. The removal of obstacles and inequalities that women face with respect to employment is a step towards realizing their potential in the economy and enhancing their contribution to economic and social development (United Nations, 2011).

This report aims at quantifying the magnitude of gender-based disparities that women face in the organized sector of the Indian labour market, and track their progress over time. The extent of the gender pay gap is measured on various parameters such as age, educational qualifications, industry, work experience, designation, level of skill, marital status, etc., for years 2006 to 2013 (June).