Minimum Wages in Italy - Frequently Asked Questions

1. Is there a separate legislation relating to minimum wages in Italy?

Although according to article 36 of the Constitution the wages must be proportionate to the quality and quantity of work done and also high enough to provide a minimum subsistence for the worker and his family, in Italy there is no minimum wage by law, and hence there is no separate legislation for that. Around half of the employees in the country are covered by a collective bargaining agreement, where wages are always set.

2. Are governmental bodies, employer and/or trade union representatives involved in minimum wages setting?

Around half of the employees in the country are covered by collective bargaining agreements, which are signed by employers / employers' organizations and trade unions / confederations of trade unions. The Government can also sign collective agreements with public workers. In Italy there are hundreds of collective agreements in force, and each of them is signed by the sectoral branches of the main trade unions (CGIL, CISL, UIL), by the employers' organization Confindustria or its sectoral branches, by minor employers' organizations and by the government (for public workers).