Living Wage Series - Ukraine -September 2019 - In Hryvnia, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in more than 70 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in UAH)

  Typical family Standard family Single-adult
  from-to from-to from-to
Food expenses 2940-3900 3360-4460 840-1120
Housing expenses 2150-3800 2150-3800 1680-2800
Transport expenses 480-610 480-610 240-305
Healthcare expenses 400-500 400-500 100-125
Education expenses 300-500 300-500 0
Other expenses 315-465 335-495 145-215
Total Expenditure 6585-9775 7025-10365 3005-4565
Net Living Wage 4390-6517 3903-5758 3005-4565
Gross Living Wage 5400-8020 4800-7090 3700-5620

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

 

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in UAH)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from-to
Typical family (two parents + 1.5 children, 1.5 working) 5400-8020
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 4800-7090
Two parents and two children, 2 working 4320-6380
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 5760-8500
Two parents and two children, 1 working 8640-12800
Two parents and three children, 1.5 working 6480-9460
Two parents and four children, 1.5 working 7210-10400
Single-adult without children, 1 working 3700-5620

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

 

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in UAH)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2016 2017 2018 2019
Minimum wage 1378 3200 3723 4173
Living Wage - Single Adult 2670-4180 2930-4490 3340-5060 3700-5620
Living Wage - Typical Family 4140-6300 4410-6600 5040-7480 5400-8020
Real wage of low-skilled worker 1810-2700 1960-2920 2410-3500 3600-4940
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 2120-3130 2410-3550 3000-4380 4420-6060
Real wage of high-skilled worker 2420-3640 2640-3960 3390-5030 4970-6910

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.

804_Ukraine

Food basket and food prices in UAH

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food item Grams per day Energy (kcal) Price per kilo
Wheat, barley and cereals products 242 674 16-16
Rice 6 20 18-22
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 111 174 60-80
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 4 33 -
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 78 276 -
Maize and products 20 55 6-8
Milk - Excluding Butter 281 167 13-17
Vegetables, Other 190 50 15-25
Potatoes and products 264 176 5-6
Butter, Ghee 10 72 -
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 6 21 -
Pulses, Other and products 0 0 20-20
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 34 48 13-16
Sunflowerseed Oil 21 183 -
Fish products 33 22 45-60
Beer (0.5 liter/pint) 107 52 16-24
Sweeteners, Other 9 21 13-15
Sweet potatoes 0 0 50-50
Bananas 11 7 25-30
Soyabeans 0 0 15-22
Apples and products 21 10 12-15
Tomatoes and products 82 14 25-39
Onions 42 13 5-7
Oranges, Mandarines 18 5 27-30
Peas 3 10 12-14
Roots, Other 0 0 8-10
Wine (bottle) 8 6 -
Pineapples and products 1 1 -
Cream 0 0 35-70
Olives (including preserved) 1 1 45-80
Honey 2 6 78-100
Lemons, Limes and products 3 1 35-45
Tea (including mate) 1 1 120-200
Grapefruit and products 2 0 35-45
Coffee and products 3 1 130-180

 

WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

WageIndicator useful links:

Publication Guzi, M., & Kahanec, M. (2019). Living Wage Globally. Amsterdam, WageIndicator Foundation
WageIndicator Wages in Context Map with the latest updates
All You Always wanted to Know about Living Wages
Donations

 


Loading...