Living Wage Series - Ukraine - January 2018 - In Hryvnia, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in more than 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in Hryvnia)

  Typical family Standard family Single-adult
  from-to from-to from-to
Food 2880-3770 3290-4310 820-1080
Housing 2500-4000 2500-4000 1740-2670
Transport 240-360 240-360 120-180
Health 350-600 350-600 88-150
Education 300-500 300-500 0
Other costs 315-460 335-490 140-205
Total Expenditure 6585-9690 7015-10260 2908-4285
Net Living Wage 4116-6056 3897-5700 2908-4285
Gross Living Wage 5060-7450 4800-7010 3580-5270

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in Hryvnia)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

Typical family (two parents + 1.5 children, 1.6 working) 5060-7450
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 4800-7010
Two parents and two children, 2 working 4320-6310
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 5750-8420
Two parents and two children, 1 working 8630-12600
Two parents and three children, 1.6 working 6060-8750
Two parents and four children, 1.6 working 6720-9620
Single-adult without children, 1 working 3580-5270

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in Hryvnia)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2015 2016 2017 2018
Minimum wage 1218 1450 3200 3723
Living Wage - Single Adult 2230-3540 2760-4350 2950-4830 3580-5270
Living Wage - Typical Family 3550-5510 4080-6300 4270-6780 5060-7450
Real wage of low-skilled worker 1450-2070 1720-2520 1880-2750 2700-3690
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 1910-2760 2080-3070 2490-3670 3500-4850
Real wage of high-skilled worker 2210-3260 2410-3620 2810-4210 4050-5710

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.

Food basket and food prices in Hryvnia

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo
Wheat, barley and cereals products 239 665 12-15
Rice 6 20 18-22
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 111 174 55-70
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 4 33 25-29
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 77 273 12-14
Maize and products 20 55 6-9
Milk - Excluding Butter 278 165 10-12
Vegetables, Other 190 50 14-20
Potatoes and products 260 174 5-6
Butter, Ghee 10 71 70-80
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 6 20 50-70
Pulses, Other and products 0 0 19-20
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 34 48 13-15
Sunflowerseed Oil 20 181 28-30
Fish products 33 22 40-60
Beer 107 52 18-24
Sweeteners, Other 9 21 12-15
Sweet potatoes 0 0 50-50
Bananas 11 7 25-30
Soyabeans 0 0 15-30
Apples and products 21 10 12-15
Tomatoes and products 82 14 25-40
Onions 42 13 5-7
Oranges, Mandarines 18 5 25-30
Peas 3 10 10-13
Roots, Other 0 0 10-10
Wine 8 6 53-67
Pineapples and products 1 1 .-.
Cream 0 0 30-60
Olives (including preserved) 1 1 40-70
Honey 2 6 68-100
Citrus, Other 0 0 25-30
Lemons, Limes and products 3 1 30-40
Tea (including mate) 1 1 150-200
Grapefruit and products 2 0 25-40
Coffee and products 3 1 150-260

WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.