Living Wage Series - Sweden - September 2019 - In Swedish Krona, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in more than 70 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in SEK)

  Typical family Standard family Single-adult
  from-to from-to from-to
Food expenses 9400-11100 9640-11300 2410-2840
Housing expenses 9280-10700 9280-10700 5380-6670
Transport expenses 1280-1760 1280-1760 640-880
Healthcare expenses 265-735 265-735 66-185
Education expenses 260-885 260-885 0
Other expenses 1030-1260 1040-1270 425-530
Total Expenditure 21515-26440 21765-26650 8921-11104
Net Living Wage 13447-16525 12092-14806 8921-11104
Gross Living Wage 17900-22000 16100-19700 11900-14800

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

 

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in SEK)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from-to
Typical family (two parents + 1.9 children, 1.6 working) 17900-22000
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 16100-19700
Two parents and two children, 2 working 14500-17700
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 19300-23600
Two parents and two children, 1 working 29000-35500
Two parents and three children, 1.6 working 20200-24700
Two parents and four children, 1.6 working 22300-27100
Single-adult without children, 1 working 11900-14800

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

 

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in SEK)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2016 2017 2018 2019
Minimum wage - - - -
Living Wage - Single Adult 10200-13000 10700-13200 10900-13900 11900-14800
Living Wage - Typical Family 15700-20100 16400-20400 16800-21000 17900-22000
Real wage of low-skilled worker 16600-21000 17900-22500 18100-23100 18500-23300
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 23100-27000 24100-27700 24600-28800 24500-28000
Real wage of high-skilled worker 29500-35900 30600-36500 30800-37300 31400-37500

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.

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Food basket and food prices in SEK

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food item Grams per day Energy (kcal) Price per kilo
Wheat, barley and cereals products 292 797 -
Rice 18 67 20-24
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 254 408 69-90
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 27 231 -
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 73 271 -
Maize and products 2 6 -
Milk - Excluding Butter 1054 441 9-10
Vegetables, Other 197 53 12-15
Potatoes and products 114 71 9-10
Butter, Ghee 12 89 -
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 13 38 -
Pulses, Other and products 1 3 -
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 67 96 200-250
Sunflowerseed Oil 5 44 -
Fish products 61 39 50-60
Beer (0.5 liter/pint) 105 51 30-30
Sweeteners, Other 5 11 -
Beans 0 1 -
Bananas 15 10 20-22
Soyabeans 0 1 -
Apples and products 39 10 15-15
Tomatoes and products 44 9 10-10
Onions 14 6 10-12
Oranges, Mandarines 177 32 18-20
Peas 2 8 -
Seeds and kernels 0 5 30-30
Wine (bottle) 39 27 105-105
Pineapples and products 4 3 -
Cream 36 70 70-80
Olives (including preserved) 2 2 -
Honey 2 5 -
Citrus, Other 3 1 20-20
Lemons, Limes and products 5 1 30-30
Grapefruit and products 4 1 20-20
Coffee and products 19 8 -

 

WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

WageIndicator useful links:

Publication Guzi, M., & Kahanec, M. (2019). Living Wage Globally. Amsterdam, WageIndicator Foundation
WageIndicator Wages in Context Map with the latest updates
All You Always wanted to Know about Living Wages
Donations

 


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