Living Wage Series - Sweden - December 2018 - In Swedish Krona, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in more than 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in Swedish Krona)

  Typical family Standard family Single-adult
  from-to from-to from-to
Food 6820-8730 6990-8960 1750-2240
Housing 5830-9000 5830-9000 3370-5630
Transport 1250-1680 1250-1680 625-840
Health 315-725 315-725 79-180
Education 270-820 270-820 0
Other costs 725-1050 735-1060 290-445
Total Expenditure 15210-22005 15390-22245 6114-9336
Net Living Wage 8947-12944 8550-12358 6114-9336
Gross Living Wage 11900-17200 11400-16400 8130-12400

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.


Family Living Wages (monthly rates in Swedish Krona)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

Typical family (two parents + 1.9 children, 1.7 working) 11900-17200
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 11400-16400
Two parents and two children, 2 working 10200-14800
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 13700-19700
Two parents and two children, 1 working 20500-29600
Two parents and three children, 1.7 working 13500-19200
Two parents and four children, 1.7 working 14900-21100
Single-adult without children, 1 working 8130-12400

Note: Results in the table are rounded.


Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in Swedish Krona)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2015 2016 2017 2018
Minimum wage - - - -
Living Wage - Single Adult 7590-11700 7570-11600 7740-11700 8130-12400
Living Wage - Typical Family 11500-16900 11500-16600 11600-16700 11900-17200
Real wage of low-skilled worker 13900-18800 14600-19800 15600-20900 16600-20800
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 20300-25100 21300-26300 22400-27400 23900-27600
Real wage of high-skilled worker 26000-32400 27000-33800 28200-34900 30100-35900

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.

Sweden Graph

Food basket and food prices in Swedish Krona

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food item Grams per day Energy (kcal) Price per kilo
Wheat, barley and cereals products 176 482 22-40
Rice 11 40 20-25
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 153 247 70-100
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 26 227 -
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 72 266 -
Maize and products 2 6 -
Milk - Excluding Butter 637 267 7.5-9.2
Vegetables, Other 119 32 30-30
Potatoes and products 112 70 6-6.5
Butter, Ghee 12 88 -
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 13 38 60-60
Pulses, Other and products 1 3 -
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 25 36 25-25
Sunflowerseed Oil 5 43 -
Fish products 60 38 50-60
Beer (0.5 liter/pint) 104 50 30-30
Sweeteners, Other 5 11 -
Beans 0 1 -
Sweet potatoes 0 0 20-20
Bananas 15 10 25-25
Soyabeans 0 1 -
Apples and products 38 10 15-19
Tomatoes and products 43 9 10-23
Onions 14 5 10-12
Oranges, Mandarines 107 19 -
Peas 2 8 -
Seeds and kernels 0 5 30-30
Wine (bottle) 39 27 105-120
Pineapples and products 4 3 -
Cream 22 42 25-30
Olives (including preserved) 2 2 -
Honey 2 5 -
Citrus, Other 3 1 20-20
Lemons, Limes and products 5 1 25-30
Grapefruit and products 4 1 20-20
Coffee and products 19 8 50-50


WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

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