Living Wage Series - Sri Lanka - January 2018 - In Sri Lanka Rupee, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in more than 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in Sri Lanka Rupee)

  Typical family Standard family Single-adult
  from-to from-to from-to
Food 22400-29200 21800-28500 5460-7110
Housing 16700-27500 16700-27500 8820-15000
Transport 1000-2000 1000-2000 500-1000
Health 3000-5000 3000-5000 750-1250
Education 3000-5000 3000-5000 0
Other costs 2300-3440 2280-3400 775-1220
Total Expenditure 48400-72140 47780-71400 16305-25580
Net Living Wage 30250-45088 26544-39667 16305-25580
Gross Living Wage 33600-50100 29500-44000 18100-28400

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in Sri Lanka Rupee)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

Typical family (two parents + 2.1 children, 1.6 working) 33600-50100
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 29500-44000
Two parents and two children, 2 working 26500-39600
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 35400-52800
Two parents and two children, 1 working 53000-79300
Two parents and three children, 1.6 working 37200-54700
Two parents and four children, 1.6 working 41100-59900
Single-adult without children, 1 working 18100-28400

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in Sri Lanka Rupee)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2015 2016 2017 2018
Minimum wage 6500 6500 6500 6500
Living Wage - Single Adult .-. .-. .-. 18100-28400
Living Wage - Typical Family .-. .-. .-. 33600-50100
Real wage of low-skilled worker 15800-22200 17700-22600 16900-23500 17000-21500
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 20700-32400 23000-32500 23800-36600 24500-34600
Real wage of high-skilled worker 32000-52900 35900-53600 37400-60800 38600-57500

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.

Food basket and food prices in Sri Lanka Rupee

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo
Wheat, barley and cereals products 87 223 120-200
Rice 254 899 80-90
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 17 21 500-700
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 7 64 250-280
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 131 246 100-110
Maize and products 12 38 300-300
Milk - Excluding Butter 81 53 115-180
Vegetables, Other 68 18 150-200
Potatoes and products 19 19 100-140
Butter, Ghee 0 2 300-500
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 169 256 300-350
Pulses, Other and products 16 55 200-700
Cassava and products 23 35 75-100
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 11 15 133-150
Sunflowerseed Oil 0 1 300-400
Fish products 60 49 400-500
Beer 14 7 400-606
Sweeteners, Other 1 3 110-120
Beans 2 8 120-200
Sweet potatoes 4 5 150-200
Soyabeans 0 0 150-300
Apples and products 2 1 300-350
Tomatoes and products 9 2 120-140
Onions 30 18 100-130
Oranges, Mandarines 3 1 250-300
Plantains 60 46 80-110
Peas 3 11 140-200
Roots, Other 0 0 90-100
Seeds and kernels 1 4 200-500
Wine 0 0 1200-2000
Cream 0 0 350-500
Olives (including preserved) 0 0 1500-1500
Lemons, Limes and products 1 0 100-150
Tea (including mate) 3 1 600-850
Grapefruit and products 0 0 100-150
Coffee and products 1 0 300-600

WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.