Living Wage Series - Senegal - September 2019 - In CFA Franc (XOF) , per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in more than 70 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in XOF)

  Typical family Standard family Single-adult
  from-to from-to from-to
Food expenses 105200-131300 61900-77200 15500-19300
Housing expenses 60000-80000 60000-80000 22400-37400
Transport expenses 20000-24000 20000-24000 10000-12000
Healthcare expenses 15000-25000 15000-25000 3750-6250
Education expenses 21000-30000 21000-30000 0
Other expenses 11100-14500 8900-11800 2590-3750
Total Expenditure 232300-304800 186800-248000 54240-78700
Net Living Wage 154867-203200 103778-137778 54240-78700
Gross Living Wage 179700-235700 120400-159800 62900-91300

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.


Family Living Wages (monthly rates in XOF)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

Typical family (two parents + 4.8 children, 1.5 working) 179700-235700
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 120400-159800
Two parents and two children, 2 working 108400-143800
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 144500-191800
Two parents and two children, 1 working 216700-287700
Two parents and three children, 1.5 working 157000-207500
Two parents and four children, 1.5 working 169500-223100
Single-adult without children, 1 working 62900-91300

Note: Results in the table are rounded.


Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in XOF)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2016 2017 2018 2019
Minimum wage 35858 35858 35858 36988
Living Wage - Single Adult - - - 62900-91300
Living Wage - Typical Family - - - 179700-235700
Real wage of low-skilled worker 103800-160600 112300-177700 62700-102400 127700-191500
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 124800-205300 134700-222900 78000-134100 135600-213900
Real wage of high-skilled worker 200400-363600 209200-380300 144400-284500 223800-388200

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.


Food basket and food prices in XOF

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food item Grams per day Energy (kcal) Price per kilo
Wheat, barley and cereals products 200 525 200-300
Rice 186 673 400-400
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 41 67 1750-2500
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 40 353 900-1000
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 40 142 600-650
Maize and products 67 200 -
Milk - Excluding Butter 40 26 850-1200
Vegetables, Other 47 12 400-600
Potatoes and products 13 9 250-325
Butter, Ghee 1 11 1550-2400
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 17 61 -
Pulses, Other and products 6 21 -
Cassava and products 20 22 400-500
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 4 5 900-1000
Sunflowerseed Oil 0 1 -
Fish products 62 36 1000-1000
Beer (0.5 liter/pint) 4 2 -
Sweeteners, Other 3 8 900-950
Sweet potatoes 5 5 -
Bananas 8 4 550-800
Soyabeans 0 0 6000-6000
Apples and products 2 1 1500-1500
Tomatoes and products 26 5 340-450
Onions 60 24 500-500
Oranges, Mandarines 9 3 -
Plantains 0 0 1000-1000
Peas 1 5 800-1500
Seeds and kernels 0 3 1000-1000
Wine (bottle) 1 1 2000-2000
Pineapples and products 1 1 -
Cream 0 0 1250-2000
Olives (including preserved) 0 1 2400-2800
Honey 1 2 -
Citrus, Other 0 0 450-1200
Lemons, Limes and products 6 1 -
Tea (including mate) 1 0 2220-3150
Grapefruit and products 0 0 500-500


WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

WageIndicator useful links:

Publication Guzi, M., & Kahanec, M. (2019). Estimating Living Wage Globally. Amsterdam, WageIndicator Foundation
WageIndicator Wages in Context Map with the latest updates
All You Always wanted to Know about Living Wages