Living Wage Series - Senegal - January 2018 - In CFA Franc BCEAO, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in more than 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in CFA Franc BCEAO)

  Typical family Standard family Single-adult
  from-to from-to from-to
Food 108400-135400 61100-76300 15300-19100
Housing 60000-83000 60000-83000 20200-35400
Transport 20000-24000 20000-24000 10000-12000
Health 10000-23000 10000-23000 2500-5750
Education 17000-30000 17000-30000 0
Other costs 10800-14800 8410-11800 2400-3610
Total Expenditure 226200-310200 176510-248100 50400-75860
Net Living Wage 133059-182471 98061-137833 50400-75860
Gross Living Wage 154400-211700 113800-159900 58500-88000

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.


Family Living Wages (monthly rates in CFA Franc BCEAO)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from-to
Typical family (two parents + 5.1 children, 1.7 working) 154400-211700
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 113800-159900
Two parents and two children, 2 working 102400-143900
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 136500-191900
Two parents and two children, 1 working 204800-287800
Two parents and three children, 1.7 working 131400-183000
Two parents and four children, 1.7 working 142300-196600
Single-adult without children, 1 working 58500-88000

Note: Results in the table are rounded.


Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in CFA Franc BCEAO)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2015 2016 2017 2018
Minimum wage 35858 35858 35858 35858
Living Wage - Single Adult .-. .-. .-. 58500-88000
Living Wage - Typical Family .-. .-. .-. 154400-211700
Real wage of low-skilled worker 49100-88800 80200-132600 70700-123300 74200-126400
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 122400-171600 132400-213900 117400-193600 138600-231400
Real wage of high-skilled worker 206700-300000 218400-377900 199600-355200 213800-382000

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.


Food basket and food prices in CFA Franc BCEAO

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo
Wheat, barley and cereals products 184 482 300-350
Rice 171 617 300-400
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 41 66 2400-3000
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 40 353 900-1000
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 40 142 600-650
Maize and products 61 183 250-300
Milk - Excluding Butter 40 26 700-1000
Vegetables, Other 47 12 400-500
Potatoes and products 13 9 350-450
Butter, Ghee 1 11 1350-1580
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 15 56 400-500
Pulses, Other and products 6 21 1000-1000
Cassava and products 20 22 400-500
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 4 5 900-1000
Sunflowerseed Oil 0 1 1150-1200
Fish products 57 33 1500-2000
Beer 4 2 1200-1600
Sweeteners, Other 3 8 675-900
Beans 0 0 500-1200
Sweet potatoes 5 5 490-500
Bananas 8 4 700-700
Yams 0 0 500-1000
Apples and products 2 1 1000-1200
Tomatoes and products 26 5 500-690
Onions 55 22 350-400
Oranges, Mandarines 9 3 400-600
Plantains 0 0 1000-1000
Peas 1 5 800-800
Roots, Other 0 0 500-500
Seeds and kernels 0 3 360-1000
Wine 1 1 2000-2270
Pineapples and products 1 1 .-.
Cream 0 0 1130-2500
Olives (including preserved) 0 1 3650-5000
Honey 1 2 1550-2000
Citrus, Other 0 0 450-1200
Lemons, Limes and products 6 1 500-700
Tea (including mate) 1 0 1250-2500
Grapefruit and products 0 0 500-1000
Coffee and products 0 0 2500-3100


WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.