Living Wage Series - Senegal - December 2018 - In CFA Franc BCEAO, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in more than 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in CFA Franc BCEAO)

  Typical family Standard family Single-adult
  from-to from-to from-to
Food 109400-136100 61700-76700 15400-19200
Housing 60000-80000 60000-80000 21800-36300
Transport 20000-24000 20000-24000 10000-12000
Health 15000-25000 15000-25000 3750-6250
Education 21000-30000 21000-30000 0
Other costs 11300-14800 8890-11800 2550-3690
Total Expenditure 236700-309900 186590-247500 53500-77440
Net Living Wage 139235-182294 103661-137500 53500-77440
Gross Living Wage 161500-211500 120300-159500 62100-89800

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

 

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in CFA Franc BCEAO)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from-to
Typical family (two parents + 5.1 children, 1.7 working) 161500-211500
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 120300-159500
Two parents and two children, 2 working 108200-143600
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 144300-191400
Two parents and two children, 1 working 216500-287100
Two parents and three children, 1.7 working 138400-182500
Two parents and four children, 1.7 working 149400-196300
Single-adult without children, 1 working 62100-89800

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

 

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in CFA Franc BCEAO)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2015 2016 2017 2018
Minimum wage 35858 35858 35858 35858
Living Wage - Single Adult - - - 62100-89800
Living Wage - Typical Family - - - 161500-211500
Real wage of low-skilled worker 80200-113900 80300-143700 75300-117200 70200-119000
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 132600-181500 123500-220100 130600-202300 133400-221000
Real wage of high-skilled worker 211800-311200 214500-410500 211000-352500 219200-392100

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.

Senegal Graph

Food basket and food prices in CFA Franc BCEAO

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food item Grams per day Energy (kcal) Price per kilo
Wheat, barley and cereals products 184 482 300-350
Rice 171 617 300-400
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 41 66 2500-3000
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 40 353 900-1000
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 40 142 600-650
Maize and products 61 183 250-300
Milk - Excluding Butter 40 26 700-1000
Vegetables, Other 47 12 400-500
Potatoes and products 13 9 370-450
Butter, Ghee 1 11 1800-2400
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 15 56 400-550
Pulses, Other and products 6 21 1000-1200
Cassava and products 20 22 400-500
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 4 5 900-1000
Sunflowerseed Oil 0 1 1200-1200
Fish products 57 33 1500-2000
Beer (0.5 liter/pint) 4 2 1200-1600
Sweeteners, Other 3 8 675-900
Beans 0 0 500-1000
Sweet potatoes 5 5 490-500
Bananas 8 4 700-700
Soyabeans 0 0 6000-6000
Yams 0 0 550-1000
Apples and products 2 1 1000-1200
Tomatoes and products 26 5 500-690
Onions 55 22 350-400
Oranges, Mandarines 9 3 400-600
Plantains 0 0 1000-1000
Peas 1 5 800-1100
Roots, Other 0 0 500-500
Seeds and kernels 0 3 1000-1000
Wine (bottle) 1 1 2000-2530
Pineapples and products 1 1 -
Cream 0 0 1500-2500
Olives (including preserved) 0 1 2400-2800
Honey 1 2 1500-2000
Citrus, Other 0 0 450-1200
Lemons, Limes and products 6 1 500-700
Tea (including mate) 1 0 1250-2500
Grapefruit and products 0 0 500-1000
Coffee and products 0 0 2500-3250

 

WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

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