Living Wage Series - Russian Federation - September 2019 - In Russian Ruble, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in more than 70 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in RUB)

  Typical family Standard family Single-adult
  from-to from-to from-to
Food expenses 16800-21400 17600-22500 4410-5620
Housing expenses 5000-11500 5000-11500 3600-8220
Transport expenses 3200-4000 3200-4000 1600-2000
Healthcare expenses 2000-3000 2000-3000 500-750
Education expenses 2000-3000 2000-3000 0
Other expenses 1450-2140 1490-2200 505-830
Total Expenditure 30450-45040 31290-46200 10615-17420
Net Living Wage 19031-28150 17383-25667 10615-17420
Gross Living Wage 21900-32400 20000-29500 12200-20000

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.


Family Living Wages (monthly rates in RUB)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

Typical family (two parents + 1.8 children, 1.6 working) 21900-32400
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 20000-29500
Two parents and two children, 2 working 18000-26600
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 24000-35400
Two parents and two children, 1 working 36000-53100
Two parents and three children, 1.6 working 25900-37400
Two parents and four children, 1.6 working 29200-41700
Single-adult without children, 1 working 12200-20000

Note: Results in the table are rounded.


Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in RUB)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2016 2017 2018 2019
Minimum wage 6204 7500 9489 11280
Living Wage - Single Adult 11200-19100 11700-19600 12200-20100 12200-20000
Living Wage - Typical Family 20100-30600 20800-31600 21700-32400 21900-32400
Real wage of low-skilled worker 12800-17900 13500-18500 16500-22500 17600-25600
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 16300-24900 18000-26900 22300-33300 24000-37900
Real wage of high-skilled worker 24000-35500 26700-38700 33000-47900 34900-53700

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.

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Food basket and food prices in RUB

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food item Grams per day Energy (kcal) Price per kilo
Wheat, barley and cereals products 253 714 40-50
Rice 8 29 50-60
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 141 215 250-300
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 2 19 -
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 77 264 -
Maize and products 1 2 -
Milk - Excluding Butter 293 176 43-50
Vegetables, Other 128 34 40-73
Potatoes and products 203 135 20-30
Butter, Ghee 10 75 -
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 4 12 200-225
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 28 39 600-700
Sunflowerseed Oil 22 197 -
Fish products 41 35 170-220
Beer (0.5 liter/pint) 113 55 100-136
Sweeteners, Other 10 20 50-50
Bananas 16 10 55-60
Soyabeans 0 0 200-200
Yams 0 0 180-180
Apples and products 42 16 70-80
Tomatoes and products 49 9 80-120
Onions 27 8 21-30
Oranges, Mandarines 20 7 64-90
Peas 3 11 40-58
Roots, Other 0 0 30-45
Seeds and kernels 0 1 150-200
Wine (bottle) 16 12 267-333
Pineapples and products 2 1 222-250
Cream 5 9 150-300
Olives (including preserved) 2 2 -
Honey 1 3 -
Citrus, Other 0 0 75-80
Lemons, Limes and products 3 1 94-120
Tea (including mate) 2 1 300-1000
Grapefruit and products 2 1 -
Coffee and products 3 1 600-900


WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

WageIndicator useful links:

Publication Guzi, M., & Kahanec, M. (2019). Living Wage Globally. Amsterdam, WageIndicator Foundation
WageIndicator Wages in Context Map with the latest updates
All You Always wanted to Know about Living Wages