Living Wage Series - Russian Federation - December 2018 - In Russian Ruble, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in more than 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in Russian Ruble)

  Typical family Standard family Single-adult
  from-to from-to from-to
Food 12400-17000 13400-18400 3360-4600
Housing 4500-6500 4500-6500 3200-4650
Transport 3150-4000 3150-4000 1580-2000
Health 2000-3000 2000-3000 500-750
Education 2000-2800 2000-2800 0
Other costs 1210-1670 1260-1740 430-600
Total Expenditure 25260-34970 26310-36440 9070-12600
Net Living Wage 14859-20571 14617-20244 9070-12600
Gross Living Wage 17100-23700 16800-23300 10400-14500

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

 

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in Russian Ruble)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from-to
Typical family (two parents + 1.7 children, 1.7 working) 17100-23700
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 16800-23300
Two parents and two children, 2 working 15100-21000
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 20200-27900
Two parents and two children, 1 working 30300-41900
Two parents and three children, 1.7 working 20200-27900
Two parents and four children, 1.7 working 22600-31200
Single-adult without children, 1 working 10400-14500

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

 

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in Russian Ruble)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2015 2016 2017 2018
Minimum wage 5965 6204 7800 9489
Living Wage - Single Adult 9540-13500 9470-13700 9940-14800 10400-14500
Living Wage - Typical Family 15900-22200 15800-22400 16300-23500 17100-23700
Real wage of low-skilled worker 7970-12300 8390-12200 9710-14200 15000-21600
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 14300-22900 15800-23700 18300-27500 23200-34600
Real wage of high-skilled worker 21200-33700 22300-33300 26600-39800 33300-49400

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.

Russia Graph

Food basket and food prices in Russian Ruble

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food item Grams per day Energy (kcal) Price per kilo
Wheat, barley and cereals products 253 714 40-52
Rice 8 29 48-60
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 141 215 218-300
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 2 19 70-98
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 76 262 47-52
Maize and products 1 2 36-60
Milk - Excluding Butter 290 174 40-50
Vegetables, Other 126 33 40-80
Potatoes and products 201 134 25-30
Butter, Ghee 10 74 240-300
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 4 12 150-250
Pulses, Other and products 0 0 100-150
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 27 38 46-54
Sunflowerseed Oil 22 195 80-100
Fish products 41 35 170-240
Beer (0.5 liter/pint) 111 54 100-136
Sweeteners, Other 10 19 50-50
Sweet potatoes 0 0 199-300
Bananas 16 10 58-70
Soyabeans 0 0 200-200
Yams 0 0 180-180
Apples and products 42 16 70-85
Tomatoes and products 48 9 90-140
Onions 27 8 30-40
Oranges, Mandarines 20 6 64-90
Peas 3 11 40-55
Roots, Other 0 0 35-50
Seeds and kernels 0 1 90-190
Wine (bottle) 16 12 267-400
Pineapples and products 2 1 222-250
Cream 4 8 140-284
Olives (including preserved) 2 2 240-320
Honey 1 3 400-500
Citrus, Other 0 0 70-100
Lemons, Limes and products 3 1 90-120
Tea (including mate) 2 1 350-500
Grapefruit and products 2 1 80-110
Coffee and products 3 1 500-800

 

WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

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