Living Wage Series - Poland - December 2018 - In Zloty, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in more than 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in Zloty)

  Typical family Standard family Single-adult
  from-to from-to from-to
Food 825-1000 1000-1220 250-305
Housing 800-1000 800-1000 480-600
Transport 180-190 180-190 89-94
Health 185-665 185-665 46-165
Education 225-665 225-665 0
Other costs 110-175 120-185 43-58
Total Expenditure 2325-3695 2510-3925 908-1223
Net Living Wage 1453-2309 1394-2181 908-1223
Gross Living Wage 2010-3190 1930-3010 1260-1690

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.


Family Living Wages (monthly rates in Zloty)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

Typical family (two parents + 1.3 children, 1.6 working) 2010-3190
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 1930-3010
Two parents and two children, 2 working 1730-2710
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 2310-3610
Two parents and two children, 1 working 3470-5420
Two parents and three children, 1.6 working 2390-3660
Two parents and four children, 1.6 working 2620-3930
Single-adult without children, 1 working 1260-1690

Note: Results in the table are rounded.


Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in Zloty)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2015 2016 2017 2018
Minimum wage 1750 1850 2000 2100
Living Wage - Single Adult 1140-1600 1240-1640 1250-1690 1260-1690
Living Wage - Typical Family 1870-3100 1980-3160 1990-3210 2010-3190
Real wage of low-skilled worker 1620-1910 1670-1970 1690-1980 1790-2090
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 1950-2490 2020-2570 2060-2600 2160-2720
Real wage of high-skilled worker 2810-3910 2930-4060 2990-4110 3220-4440

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.

Poland Graph

Food basket and food prices in Zloty

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food item Grams per day Energy (kcal) Price per kilo
Wheat, barley and cereals products 259 740 4-5.6
Rice 2 6 2-3.8
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 135 240 14-15
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 22 186 -
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 75 265 -
Milk - Excluding Butter 351 156 2-2.4
Vegetables, Other 121 27 4-5
Potatoes and products 178 119 1-1
Butter, Ghee 16 112 15-15
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 5 14 -
Pulses, Other and products 0 1 4-4
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 13 18 3.8-8.3
Sunflowerseed Oil 3 27 -
Fish products 18 22 15-25
Beer (0.5 liter/pint) 168 82 5-5.1
Sweeteners, Other 1 3 2.3-2.3
Beans 1 4 1-3
Bananas 3 2 3.5-4
Soyabeans 0 1 -
Apples and products 30 14 2-3.5
Tomatoes and products 44 9 3.5-4
Onions 20 7 1-3
Oranges, Mandarines 16 5 -
Plantains 1 1 -
Peas 2 6 3-3
Roots, Other 0 0 2-2
Wine (bottle) 5 4 24-30
Pineapples and products 2 1 -
Cream 12 24 4-10
Olives (including preserved) 1 1 12-14
Honey 0 1 -
Citrus, Other 1 0 2.5-4.3
Lemons, Limes and products 4 1 5-5
Tea (including mate) 1 0 30-30
Grapefruit and products 3 1 3-4
Coffee and products 3 1 50-50


WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

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