Living Wage Series - Niger - September 2019 - In CFA Franc BCEAO, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in more than 70 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in XOF)

  Typical family Standard family Single-adult
  from-to from-to from-to
Food expenses 226700-310300 97500-133500 24400-33400
Housing expenses 45000-50000 45000-50000 17600-27800
Transport expenses 23000-25000 23000-25000 11500-12500
Healthcare expenses 12500-15000 12500-15000 3130-3750
Education expenses 5000-10000 5000-10000 0
Other expenses 15600-20500 9150-11700 2830-3870
Total Expenditure 327800-430800 192150-245200 59455-81320
Net Living Wage 182111-239333 106750-136222 59455-81320
Gross Living Wage 187600-246500 110000-140300 61200-83800

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

 

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in XOF)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from-to
Typical family (two parents + 7.3 children, 1.8 working) 187600-246500
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 110000-140300
Two parents and two children, 2 working 99000-126300
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 132000-168400
Two parents and two children, 1 working 197900-252600
Two parents and three children, 1.8 working 124600-160300
Two parents and four children, 1.8 working 139300-180400
Single-adult without children, 1 working 61200-83800

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

 

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in XOF)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2016 2017 2018 2019
Minimum wage 32047 30047 30047 30047
Living Wage - Single Adult - - - 61300-83800
Living Wage - Typical Family - - - 187600-246500
Real wage of low-skilled worker - - - 45000-84800
Real wage of medium-skilled worker - - - 56200-89600
Real wage of high-skilled worker - - - 95500-154000

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.

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Food basket and food prices in XOF

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food item Grams per day Energy (kcal) Price per kilo
Wheat, barley and cereals products 445 1171 450-750
Rice 31 109 400-750
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 47 73 3380-5000
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 11 93 400-500
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 12 45 600-645
Maize and products 9 28 350-380
Milk - Excluding Butter 139 74 1000-1100
Vegetables, Other 76 18 500-650
Potatoes and products 10 8 500-500
Butter, Ghee 3 23 2000-2000
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 19 93 -
Pulses, Other and products 84 286 -
Cassava and products 19 20 400-500
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 1 1 1000-1000
Sunflowerseed Oil 0 0 850-1000
Fish products 6 4 1400-1800
Beer (0.5 liter/pint) 1 1 1400-1400
Beans 2 6 1800-2400
Sweet potatoes 12 11 600-600
Bananas 1 0 600-700
Soyabeans 0 0 1200-1400
Yams 0 0 1300-2000
Apples and products 0 0 1000-1000
Tomatoes and products 25 5 1000-1175
Onions 35 14 1000-1250
Oranges, Mandarines 0 0 500-600
Peas 0 1 2000-2400
Roots, Other 1 1 1630-1800
Seeds and kernels 5 27 -
Wine (bottle) 0 0 1200-1330
Cream 0 0 2800-4000
Olives (including preserved) 0 0 4000-4400
Honey 0 0 3000-3250
Lemons, Limes and products 0 0 800-850
Coffee and products 0 0 9000-10000

 

WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

WageIndicator useful links:

Publication Guzi, M., & Kahanec, M. (2019). Estimating Living Wage Globally. Amsterdam, WageIndicator Foundation
WageIndicator Wages in Context Map with the latest updates
All You Always wanted to Know about Living Wages
Donations

 


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