Living Wage Series - Niger - January 2018 - In CFA Franc BCEAO, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in more than 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in CFA Franc BCEAO)

  Typical family Standard family Single-adult
  from-to from-to from-to
Food 221700-303500 92400-126500 23100-31600
Housing 45000-50000 45000-50000 17600-27700
Transport 20500-24000 20500-24000 10300-12000
Health 15000-15000 15000-15000 3750-3750
Education 5000-10000 5000-10000 0
Other costs 15400-20100 8900-11300 2740-3750
Total Expenditure 322600-422600 186800-236800 57490-78800
Net Living Wage 189765-248588 103778-131556 57490-78800
Gross Living Wage 195500-256100 106900-135500 59200-81200

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in CFA Franc BCEAO)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

Typical family (two parents + 7.6 children, 1.7 working) 195500-256100
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 106900-135500
Two parents and two children, 2 working 96200-122000
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 128300-162600
Two parents and two children, 1 working 192400-243900
Two parents and three children, 1.7 working 127900-163600
Two parents and four children, 1.7 working 142600-183700
Single-adult without children, 1 working 59200-81200

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in CFA Franc BCEAO)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2015 2016 2017 2018
Minimum wage 32047 32047 30047 30047
Living Wage - Single Adult .-. .-. .-. 59200-81200
Living Wage - Typical Family .-. .-. .-. 195500-256100
Real wage of low-skilled worker .-. .-. .-. 62300-79700
Real wage of medium-skilled worker .-. .-. .-. 68800-74400
Real wage of high-skilled worker .-. .-. .-. 72000-98900

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.

Food basket and food prices in CFA Franc BCEAO

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo
Wheat, barley and cereals products 456 1199 450-700
Rice 31 109 450-600
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 48 74 2500-3500
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 11 94 500-850
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 12 46 550-600
Maize and products 9 28 530-850
Milk - Excluding Butter 139 74 950-1000
Vegetables, Other 77 18 650-1000
Potatoes and products 10 8 500-650
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 19 95 .-.
Pulses, Other and products 85 289 .-.
Cassava and products 19 21 500-575
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 1 1 1000-1000
Sunflowerseed Oil 0 0 900-1000
Fish products 6 4 1400-2000
Beer 1 1 1300-1400
Beans 2 6 300-300
Sweet potatoes 12 11 400-500
Bananas 1 0 650-750
Yams 0 0 1000-1300
Apples and products 0 0 1000-1000
Tomatoes and products 25 5 1000-1200
Onions 35 14 850-1150
Oranges, Mandarines 0 0 600-600
Peas 0 1 .-.
Roots, Other 1 1 1750-2000
Wine 0 0 1330-1600
Cream 0 0 2000-2800
Honey 0 0 3000-4500
Lemons, Limes and products 0 0 850-1000
Coffee and products 0 0 4850-7000

WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.