Living Wage Series - Niger - December 2018 - In CFA Franc BCEAO, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in more than 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in CFA Franc BCEAO)

  Typical family Standard family Single-adult
  from-to from-to from-to
Food 233800-320300 97400-133500 24400-33400
Housing 45000-50000 45000-50000 17500-27500
Transport 23000-25000 23000-25000 11500-12500
Health 12500-15000 12500-15000 3130-3750
Education 5000-10000 5000-10000 0
Other costs 16000-21000 9150-11700 2830-3860
Total Expenditure 335300-441300 192050-245200 59355-81010
Net Living Wage 197235-259588 106694-136222 59355-81010
Gross Living Wage 203200-267400 109900-140300 61100-83400

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

 

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in CFA Franc BCEAO)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from-to
Typical family (two parents + 7.6 children, 1.7 working) 203200-267400
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 109900-140300
Two parents and two children, 2 working 98900-126300
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 131900-168400
Two parents and two children, 1 working 197800-252600
Two parents and three children, 1.7 working 131900-169700
Two parents and four children, 1.7 working 147400-191000
Single-adult without children, 1 working 61100-83400

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

 

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in CFA Franc BCEAO)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2015 2016 2017 2018
Minimum wage 32047 32047 30047 30047
Living Wage - Single Adult - - - 61100-83400
Living Wage - Typical Family - - - 203200-267400
Real wage of low-skilled worker - - - -
Real wage of medium-skilled worker - - - -
Real wage of high-skilled worker - - - -

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.

Niger Graph

Food basket and food prices in CFA Franc BCEAO

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food item Grams per day Energy (kcal) Price per kilo
Wheat, barley and cereals products 445 1171 450-700
Rice 30 106 450-600
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 46 73 2500-3500
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 10 92 500-850
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 12 45 550-600
Maize and products 9 28 530-850
Milk - Excluding Butter 136 73 950-1000
Vegetables, Other 75 18 650-1000
Potatoes and products 10 8 500-650
Butter, Ghee 3 23 2000-2400
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 19 93 800-1300
Pulses, Other and products 83 282 2000-2700
Cassava and products 19 20 500-575
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 1 1 1000-1000
Sunflowerseed Oil 0 0 900-1000
Fish products 6 4 1400-2000
Beer (0.5 liter/pint) 1 1 1300-1400
Beans 2 6 600-1400
Sweet potatoes 12 11 400-500
Bananas 1 0 650-750
Soyabeans 0 0 1200-1400
Yams 0 0 1000-1300
Apples and products 0 0 1000-1000
Tomatoes and products 25 5 1000-1200
Onions 34 13 850-1150
Oranges, Mandarines 0 0 600-600
Peas 0 1 2000-2000
Roots, Other 1 1 1750-2000
Seeds and kernels 5 27 -
Wine (bottle) 0 0 1330-1600
Cream 0 0 2000-4000
Olives (including preserved) 0 0 4000-7800
Honey 0 0 3000-4500
Lemons, Limes and products 0 0 850-1000
Coffee and products 0 0 4850-7000

 

WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

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