Living Wage Series - Austria - January 2018 - In Euro, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in more than 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in Euro)

  Typical family Standard family Single-adult
  from-to from-to from-to
Food 505-640 575-730 145-185
Housing 710-900 710-900 355-450
Transport 61-90 61-90 30-45
Health 40-85 40-85 10-21
Education 65-125 65-125 0
Other costs 69-92 73-97 27-35
Total Expenditure 1450-1932 1524-2027 567-736
Net Living Wage 906-1208 847-1126 567-736
Gross Living Wage 1240-1640 1150-1530 770-1000

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in Euro)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

Typical family (two parents + 1.5 children, 1.6 working) 1240-1640
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 1150-1530
Two parents and two children, 2 working 1040-1380
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 1380-1840
Two parents and two children, 1 working 2080-2760
Two parents and three children, 1.6 working 1430-1890
Two parents and four children, 1.6 working 1560-2060
Single-adult without children, 1 working 770-1000

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in Euro)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2015 2016 2017 2018
Minimum wage . . . .
Living Wage - Single Adult 860-1140 860-1140 880-1110 770-1000
Living Wage - Typical Family 1410-1950 1410-1940 1410-1890 1240-1640
Real wage of low-skilled worker 1400-1770 1440-1800 1430-1790 1390-1660
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 2010-2640 2040-2660 2100-2730 1920-2380
Real wage of high-skilled worker 2880-3870 2890-3840 3030-4010 2820-3590

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.

Food basket and food prices in Euro

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo
Wheat, barley and cereals products 161 462 2-3.8
Rice 6 22 1-1.2
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 155 238 8-10
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 26 236 .-.
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 66 238 1-1.2
Milk - Excluding Butter 433 165 .9-1
Vegetables, Other 125 32 1.6-2
Potatoes and products 98 67 1-1
Butter, Ghee 29 214 .-.
Pulses, Other and products 0 1 .-.
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 25 35 2-2.5
Sunflowerseed Oil 11 103 .-.
Fish products 23 20 10-11
Beer 179 88 1.6-2.1
Sweeteners, Other 8 22 .-.
Beans 0 1 .-.
Bananas 18 11 1.4-1.8
Apples and products 81 39 1.7-2
Tomatoes and products 32 7 2-2.5
Onions 17 7 .-.
Oranges, Mandarines 43 9 .-.
Peas 1 2 .-.
Wine 53 37 .-.
Pineapples and products 4 2 .-.
Cream 13 26 3.6-4
Honey 2 7 .-.
Lemons, Limes and products 6 1 1.8-2
Coffee and products 16 7 5.6-7

WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.