Living Wage Series - Kazakhstan - September 2019 - In Tenge, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in more than 70 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in KZT)

  Typical family Standard family Single-adult
  from-to from-to from-to
Food expenses 63400-83700 54000-71300 13500-17800
Housing expenses 43300-64000 43300-64000 28100-40000
Transport expenses 10000-14000 10000-14000 5000-7000
Healthcare expenses 5500-10000 5500-10000 1380-2500
Education expenses 10000-10500 10000-10500 0
Other expenses 6610-9110 6140-8490 2400-3370
Total Expenditure 138810-191310 128940-178290 50375-70670
Net Living Wage 81653-112535 71633-99050 50375-70670
Gross Living Wage 97200-133900 85300-117900 60000-84100

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.


Family Living Wages (monthly rates in KZT)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

Typical family (two parents + 2.7 children, 1.7 working) 97200-133900
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 85300-117900
Two parents and two children, 2 working 76700-106100
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 102300-141500
Two parents and two children, 1 working 153400-212200
Two parents and three children, 1.7 working 100200-137900
Two parents and four children, 1.7 working 110100-151000
Single-adult without children, 1 working 60000-84100

Note: Results in the table are rounded.


Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in KZT)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2016 2017 2018 2019
Minimum wage 22859 24459 28284 42500
Living Wage - Single Adult - - 56000-84000 60000-84100
Living Wage - Typical Family - - 93400-133500 97200-133900
Real wage of low-skilled worker 55500-80300 52000-74300 58300-82800 69800-101200
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 68700-101200 68600-100900 80000-117300 86600-128200
Real wage of high-skilled worker 82600-122500 78000-115000 94300-139300 96600-143000

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.


Food basket and food prices in KZT

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food item Grams per day Energy (kcal) Price per kilo
Wheat, barley and cereals products 196 548 130-160
Rice 14 49 190-220
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 325 575 1200-1500
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 6 52 300-380
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 51 186 180-213
Maize and products 2 4 200-300
Milk - Excluding Butter 533 321 170-200
Vegetables, Other 259 58 200-300
Potatoes and products 206 138 100-110
Butter, Ghee 5 37 800-1200
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 10 26 850-1000
Pulses, Other and products 0 0 250-400
Cassava and products 0 0 350-500
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 15 22 155-192
Sunflowerseed Oil 33 295 350-400
Fish products 10 7 800-1200
Beer (0.5 liter/pint) 57 28 320-400
Sweeteners, Other 1 5 -
Bananas 5 3 300-350
Soyabeans 0 0 490-600
Apples and products 78 36 250-300
Tomatoes and products 84 16 300-450
Onions 23 7 85-100
Oranges, Mandarines 15 4 500-600
Plantains 1 1 230-350
Peas 1 3 190-285
Roots, Other 0 0 150-200
Seeds and kernels 1 5 600-1000
Wine (bottle) 5 3 1070-1330
Pineapples and products 1 1 -
Cream 2 3 500-960
Olives (including preserved) 0 1 1000-1400
Honey 0 1 1300-1800
Citrus, Other 0 0 200-250
Lemons, Limes and products 1 0 400-685
Tea (including mate) 4 1 815-1156
Grapefruit and products 1 0 500-600
Coffee and products 2 1 2000-3440


WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

WageIndicator useful links:

Publication Guzi, M., & Kahanec, M. (2019).  Living Wage Globally. Amsterdam, WageIndicator Foundation
WageIndicator Wages in Context Map with the latest updates
All You Always wanted to Know about Living Wages