Living Wage Series - Kazakhstan - December 2018 - In Tenge, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in more than 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in Tenge)

  Typical family Standard family Single-adult
  from-to from-to from-to
Food 62100-82800 52900-70500 13200-17600
Housing 37900-64000 37900-64000 24400-40300
Transport 10000-14300 10000-14300 5000-7170
Health 5000-10000 5000-10000 1250-2500
Education 10000-11000 10000-11000 0
Other costs 6250-9110 5790-8490 2190-3380
Total Expenditure 131250-191210 121590-178290 46040-70950
Net Living Wage 72917-106228 67550-99050 46040-70950
Gross Living Wage 86800-126400 80400-117900 54800-84400

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.


Family Living Wages (monthly rates in Tenge)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

Typical family (two parents + 2.7 children, 1.8 working) 86800-126400
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 80400-117900
Two parents and two children, 2 working 72400-106100
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 96500-141500
Two parents and two children, 1 working 144700-212200
Two parents and three children, 1.8 working 89600-130100
Two parents and four children, 1.8 working 98700-142400
Single-adult without children, 1 working 54800-84400

Note: Results in the table are rounded.


Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in Tenge)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2015 2016 2017 2018
Minimum wage 21364 22859 24459 28284
Living Wage - Single Adult 48600-75900 49600-82900 54200-82000 54800-84400
Living Wage - Typical Family 80400-119400 79800-122900 85900-124100 86800-126400
Real wage of low-skilled worker 40500-59700 44600-66300 43900-65600 52200-77900
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 61500-90000 66100-97100 68500-101700 79000-116900
Real wage of high-skilled worker 75400-110000 80900-118400 79700-117500 93100-136900

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.

Kazakhstan Graph

Food basket and food prices in Tenge

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food item Grams per day Energy (kcal) Price per kilo
Wheat, barley and cereals products 196 548 130-170
Rice 14 49 190-220
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 135 239 900-1200
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 6 52 300-398
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 51 186 180-220
Maize and products 2 4 200-300
Milk - Excluding Butter 533 321 170-200
Vegetables, Other 259 58 188-345
Potatoes and products 206 138 90-100
Butter, Ghee 5 37 920-1200
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 10 26 800-1000
Pulses, Other and products 0 0 250-400
Cassava and products 0 0 350-500
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 15 22 167-200
Sunflowerseed Oil 33 295 350-400
Fish products 10 7 500-750
Beer (0.5 liter/pint) 57 28 320-400
Sweeteners, Other 1 5 170-210
Sweet potatoes 0 0 200-350
Bananas 5 3 300-350
Soyabeans 0 0 500-600
Apples and products 78 36 250-300
Tomatoes and products 84 16 300-450
Onions 23 7 85-100
Oranges, Mandarines 15 4 450-500
Plantains 1 1 230-350
Peas 1 3 130-200
Roots, Other 0 0 150-250
Seeds and kernels 1 5 600-1000
Wine (bottle) 5 3 1070-1330
Pineapples and products 1 1 -
Cream 2 3 500-990
Olives (including preserved) 0 1 1120-1400
Honey 0 1 1300-1800
Citrus, Other 0 0 300-400
Lemons, Limes and products 1 0 400-550
Tea (including mate) 4 1 800-1111
Grapefruit and products 1 0 500-600
Coffee and products 2 1 1530-2200


WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

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