Living Wage Series - Ireland - September 2019 - In EUR, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in more than 70 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in EUR)

  Typical family Standard family Single-adult
  from-to from-to from-to
Food expenses 680-1000 700-1030 175-255
Housing expenses 1210-1350 1210-1350 750-810
Transport expenses 175-240 175-240 87-120
Healthcare expenses 91-255 91-255 23-63
Education expenses 89-305 89-305 0
Other expenses 110-155 115-160 52-62
Total Expenditure 2355-3305 2380-3340 1087-1311
Net Living Wage 1472-2066 1322-1856 1087-1311
Gross Living Wage 1710-2400 1540-2150 1260-1520

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

 

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in EUR)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from-to
Typical family (two parents + 1.9 children, 1.6 working) 1710-2400
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 1540-2150
Two parents and two children, 2 working 1380-1940
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 1840-2590
Two parents and two children, 1 working 2760-3880
Two parents and three children, 1.6 working 1860-2610
Two parents and four children, 1.6 working 1990-2810
Single-adult without children, 1 working 1260-1520

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

 

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in EUR)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2016 2017 2018 2019
Minimum wage 1546 1563 1614 1656
Living Wage - Single Adult 1020-1240 1090-1340 1130-1410 1260-1520
Living Wage - Typical Family 1460-2090 1530-2180 1570-2220 1710-2400
Real wage of low-skilled worker 1310-1540 1350-1570 1350-1610 1500-1810
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 1610-2020 1740-2160 1660-2090 1780-2290
Real wage of high-skilled worker 2540-3220 2650-3330 2650-3400 2890-3750

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.

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Food basket and food prices in EUR

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food item Grams per day Energy (kcal) Price per kilo
Wheat, barley and cereals products 241 750 2-2
Rice 6 23 1.2-1.5
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 156 264 6-8.9
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 20 175 -
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 48 171 -
Maize and products 16 46 -
Milk - Excluding Butter 618 277 .8-1
Vegetables, Other 358 126 .8-.9
Potatoes and products 458 274 .8-1.2
Butter, Ghee 13 84 -
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 8 25 -
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 19 27 20-29
Sunflowerseed Oil 5 42 -
Fish products 47 27 2.1-5
Beer (0.5 liter/pint) 261 128 -
Sweeteners, Other 37 93 -
Beans 5 19 -
Bananas 55 34 1.3-1.5
Soyabeans 0 1 -
Apples and products 48 18 1.6-1.8
Tomatoes and products 22 4 2-2.5
Onions 13 5 .8-1
Oranges, Mandarines 202 36 1.7-2
Plantains 4 3 -
Peas 1 4 -
Seeds and kernels 0 3 -
Wine (bottle) 35 24 -
Pineapples and products 5 2 -
Cream 9 18 6-8
Olives (including preserved) 1 2 -
Honey 1 4 -
Citrus, Other 20 5 -
Lemons, Limes and products 4 1 -
Tea (including mate) 3 2 -
Coffee and products 5 3 -

 

WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

WageIndicator useful links:

Publication Guzi, M., & Kahanec, M. (2019).  Living Wage Globally. Amsterdam, WageIndicator Foundation
WageIndicator Wages in Context Map with the latest updates
All You Always wanted to Know about Living Wages
Donations

 


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