Living Wage Series - Croatia - September 2019 - In Croatian Kuna, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in more than 70 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in HRK)

  Typical family Standard family Single-adult
  from-to from-to from-to
Food expenses 3260-3800 3840-4480 960-1120
Housing expenses 2000-3340 2000-3340 1250-2000
Transport expenses 700-720 700-720 350-360
Healthcare expenses 350-1250 350-1250 87-310
Education expenses 425-1050 425-1050 0
Other expenses 335-510 365-540 130-190
Total Expenditure 7070-10670 7680-11380 2778-3983
Net Living Wage 4713-7113 4267-6322 2778-3983
Gross Living Wage 5890-8890 5340-7910 3470-4980

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

 

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in HRK)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from-to
Typical family (two parents + 1.4 children, 1.5 working) 5890-8890
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 5340-7910
Two parents and two children, 2 working 4800-7120
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 6400-9490
Two parents and two children, 1 working 9600-14200
Two parents and three children, 1.5 working 7240-10500
Two parents and four children, 1.5 working 8080-11400
Single-adult without children, 1 working 3470-4980

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

 

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in HRK)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2016 2017 2018 2019
Minimum wage 3120 3276 3440 3750
Living Wage - Single Adult 2920-4270 3020-4360 3190-4610 3470-4980
Living Wage - Typical Family 5270-8090 5380-8180 5570-8470 5890-8890
Real wage of low-skilled worker 3420-3940 3500-4050 3830-4430 4360-6060
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 3910-4880 3690-4570 4210-5260 4910-7360
Real wage of high-skilled worker 6070-7620 5960-7390 6970-8790 8010-12200

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.

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Food basket and food prices in HRK

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food item Grams per day Energy (kcal) Price per kilo
Wheat, barley and cereals products 220 599 12-12
Rice 5 19 8-10
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 138 220 40-50
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 17 150 -
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 68 242 -
Maize and products 20 57 -
Milk - Excluding Butter 466 234 5-5.5
Vegetables, Other 113 35 8-10
Potatoes and products 85 55 4-5
Butter, Ghee 19 99 -
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 8 26 -
Pulses, Other and products 0 1 -
Sunflowerseed Oil 9 84 -
Fish products 38 27 39-45
Beer (0.5 liter/pint) 157 77 12-14
Sweeteners, Other 18 49 -
Beans 1 4 -
Bananas 24 15 10-11
Apples and products 53 24 7-7
Tomatoes and products 33 7 8-10
Onions 17 5 6-6
Oranges, Mandarines 34 9 -
Seeds and kernels 0 2 -
Wine (bottle) 28 20 -
Pineapples and products 2 1 -
Cream 0 0 16-24
Olives (including preserved) 16 29 -
Honey 1 4 -
Lemons, Limes and products 5 1 11-11
Coffee and products 12 6 -

 

WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

WageIndicator useful links:

Publication Guzi, M., & Kahanec, M. (2019). Estimating Living Wage Globally. Amsterdam, WageIndicator Foundation
WageIndicator Wages in Context Map with the latest updates
All You Always wanted to Know about Living Wages
Donations

 


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