Living Wage Series - Croatia - December 2018 - In Croatian Kuna, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in more than 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in Croatian Kuna)

  Typical family Standard family Single-adult
  from-to from-to from-to
Food 2740-3350 3130-3820 785-955
Housing 2000-5000 2000-5000 1250-3000
Transport 600-720 600-720 300-360
Health 350-1250 350-1250 87-310
Education 425-1250 425-1250 0
Other costs 305-580 325-600 120-230
Total Expenditure 6420-12150 6830-12640 2543-4858
Net Living Wage 4280-8100 3794-7022 2543-4858
Gross Living Wage 5350-10100 4750-8780 3180-6070

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

 

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in Croatian Kuna)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from-to
Typical family (two parents + 1.5 children, 1.5 working) 5350-10100
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 4750-8780
Two parents and two children, 2 working 4270-7900
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 5690-10500
Two parents and two children, 1 working 8540-15800
Two parents and three children, 1.5 working 6390-11400
Two parents and four children, 1.5 working 7070-12200
Single-adult without children, 1 working 3180-6070

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

 

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in Croatian Kuna)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2015 2016 2017 2018
Minimum wage 3030 3120 3276 3440
Living Wage - Single Adult - - 3170-5650 3180-6070
Living Wage - Typical Family - - 5350-9610 5350-10100
Real wage of low-skilled worker 3590-4260 3650-4350 3610-4260 3470-4210
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 4220-5250 4350-5460 4310-5360 3970-5030
Real wage of high-skilled worker 6560-8300 6810-8710 6730-8510 6390-8250

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.

Croatia Graph

Food basket and food prices in Croatian Kuna

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food item Grams per day Energy (kcal) Price per kilo
Wheat, barley and cereals products 217 592 12-12
Rice 5 19 8-9.5
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 136 217 40-50
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 17 148 -
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 67 240 -
Maize and products 20 57 -
Milk - Excluding Butter 461 231 5-6
Vegetables, Other 111 35 10-20
Potatoes and products 85 55 4-5
Butter, Ghee 19 98 -
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 8 26 -
Pulses, Other and products 0 1 -
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 17 23 10-10
Sunflowerseed Oil 9 83 -
Fish products 38 26 37-42
Beer (0.5 liter/pint) 156 77 12-14
Sweeteners, Other 18 48 -
Beans 1 4 -
Bananas 24 15 10-11
Apples and products 52 23 7-7
Tomatoes and products 33 7 8-10
Onions 17 5 -
Oranges, Mandarines 33 9 -
Seeds and kernels 0 2 -
Wine (bottle) 28 20 -
Pineapples and products 2 1 -
Cream 0 0 16-25
Olives (including preserved) 15 29 -
Honey 1 4 -
Lemons, Limes and products 5 1 11-11
Coffee and products 12 6 -

 

WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

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