Living Wage Series - Cambodia - January 2018 - In Riel, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in more than 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in Riel)

  Typical family Standard family Single-adult
  from-to from-to from-to
Food 666300-930400 567000-791900 141800-198000
Housing 508900-837400 508900-837400 171100-269600
Transport 40000-80000 40000-80000 20000-40000
Health 40000-100000 40000-100000 10000-25000
Education 80000-150000 80000-150000 0
Other costs 66800-104900 61800-98000 17200-26600
Total Expenditure 1402000-2202700 1297700-2057300 360100-559200
Net Living Wage 737895-1159316 720944-1142945 360100-559200
Gross Living Wage 804300-1263700 785800-1245800 392500-609500

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in Riel)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

Typical family (two parents + 2.7 children, 1.9 working) 804300-1263700
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 785800-1245800
Two parents and two children, 2 working 707300-1121200
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 943000-1495000
Two parents and two children, 1 working 1414500-2242500
Two parents and three children, 1.9 working 829900-1299500
Two parents and four children, 1.9 working 915300-1418700
Single-adult without children, 1 working 392500-609500

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in Riel)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2015 2016 2017 2018
Minimum wage 512000 560000 612000 680000
Living Wage - Single Adult .-. .-. .-. 392500-609500
Living Wage - Typical Family .-. .-. .-. 804300-1263700
Real wage of low-skilled worker .-. .-. .-. 159500-517300
Real wage of medium-skilled worker .-. .-. .-. 883700-1245700
Real wage of high-skilled worker .-. .-. .-. 1398800-2007200

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.

Food basket and food prices in Riel

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo
Wheat, barley and cereals products 7 22 7000-8000
Rice 376 1308 2000-2500
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 34 84 20000-30000
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 7 59 6000-6500
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 62 159 2800-3000
Maize and products 29 96 3000-3750
Milk - Excluding Butter 8 5 8000-8000
Vegetables, Other 88 20 4500-5000
Potatoes and products 0 0 4000-4500
Butter, Ghee 2 13 .-.
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 6 19 7000-8000
Pulses, Other and products 1 2 3000-4000
Cassava and products 60 60 2700-3500
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 3 4 5000-5000
Sunflowerseed Oil 0 0 15000-15000
Fish products 98 73 15000-26000
Beer 77 38 4850-5000
Beans 11 37 4500-6000
Sweet potatoes 8 8 3000-3900
Bananas 25 16 2000-2500
Soyabeans 10 38 5000-6000
Apples and products 1 0 7000-10000
Tomatoes and products 0 0 3500-4500
Onions 0 0 3700-4000
Oranges, Mandarines 10 3 6500-7000
Peas 0 0 5000-6000
Roots, Other 5 5 4000-5000
Seeds and kernels 5 32 .-.
Wine 0 0 26700-53300
Pineapples and products 4 1 2000-2500
Cream 0 0 4000-5000
Honey 0 0 50000-50000
Lemons, Limes and products 0 0 3500-5000
Tea (including mate) 0 0 13000-15000
Coffee and products 1 0 15000-18000

WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.