Living Wage Series - Burkina Faso - September 2019 - In XOF, per Month

 

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in more than 70 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in XOF)

  Typical family Standard family Single-adult
  from-to from-to from-to
Food expenses 191100-215400 103300-116400 25800-29100
Housing expenses 60000-60000 60000-60000 32200-32200
Transport expenses 4300-5000 4300-5000 2150-2500
Healthcare expenses 10000-10000 10000-10000 2500-2500
Education expenses 30000-30000 30000-30000 0
Other expenses 14800-16000 10400-11100 3140-3320
Total Expenditure 310200-336400 218000-232500 65790-69620
Net Living Wage 182471-197882 121111-129167 65790-69620
Gross Living Wage 200700-217700 133200-142100 72400-76600

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

 

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in XOF)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from-to
Typical family (two parents + 5.4 children, 1.7 working) 200700-217700
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 133200-142100
Two parents and two children, 2 working 119900-127900
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 159900-170500
Two parents and two children, 1 working 239800-255800
Two parents and three children, 1.7 working 158600-170200
Two parents and four children, 1.7 working 176100-190000
Single-adult without children, 1 working 72400-76600

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

 

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in XOF)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2016 2017 2018 2019
Minimum wage 34664 34664 34664 34664
Living Wage - Single Adult - - - 72400-76600
Living Wage - Typical Family - - - 200700-217700
Real wage of low-skilled worker - - - -
Real wage of medium-skilled worker - - - -
Real wage of high-skilled worker - - - -

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.

854_Burkina Faso

Food basket and food prices in XOF

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food item Grams per day Energy (kcal) Price per kilo
Wheat, barley and cereals products 289 777 400-500
Rice 49 172 300-300
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 30 54 3400-4600
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 16 140 1000-1000
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 16 58 500-500
Maize and products 156 494 1200-1200
Milk - Excluding Butter 68 51 2200-2400
Vegetables, Other 33 9 600-750
Potatoes and products 1 1 800-800
Butter, Ghee 1 9 1400-1400
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 26 139 1400-1400
Pulses, Other and products 34 114 2400-3000
Cassava and products 2 2 350-350
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 6 7 1500-1500
Sunflowerseed Oil 0 0 1200-1200
Fish products 15 11 3800-4000
Beer (0.5 liter/pint) 17 7 1000-1100
Beans 0 0 1600-1600
Sweet potatoes 20 19 750-750
Bananas 1 0 650-650
Soyabeans 3 9 -
Yams 11 11 600-600
Apples and products 0 0 2000-2000
Tomatoes and products 5 2 500-550
Oranges, Mandarines 1 0 650-650
Plantains 0 0 550-550
Peas 0 1 -
Roots, Other 0 0 800-800
Seeds and kernels 2 12 1200-1200
Wine (bottle) 0 0 2670-2670
Cream 0 0 3200-3400
Honey 0 0 1600-1600
Lemons, Limes and products 0 0 500-500
Coffee and products 1 0 900-900

 

WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

WageIndicator useful links:

Publication Guzi, M., & Kahanec, M. (2019).  Living Wage Globally. Amsterdam, WageIndicator Foundation
WageIndicator Wages in Context Map with the latest updates
All You Always wanted to Know about Living Wages
Donations

 


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