Living Wage Series - Belarus - December 2018 - In Belarussian Ruble, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in more than 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in Belarussian Ruble)

  Typical family Standard family Single-adult
  from-to from-to from-to
Food 320-440 355-490 88-125
Housing 67-96 67-96 40-60
Transport 34-44 34-44 17-22
Health 30-50 30-50 8-13
Education 40-50 40-50 0
Other costs 24-34 26-37 8-11
Total Expenditure 515-714 552-767 161-231
Net Living Wage 322-446 307-426 161-231
Gross Living Wage 375-520 355-495 185-265

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.


Family Living Wages (monthly rates in Belarussian Ruble)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

Typical family (two parents + 1.6 children, 1.6 working) 375-520
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 355-495
Two parents and two children, 2 working 320-445
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 425-595
Two parents and two children, 1 working 640-890
Two parents and three children, 1.6 working 465-650
Two parents and four children, 1.6 working 535-740
Single-adult without children, 1 working 185-265

Note: Results in the table are rounded.


Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in Belarussian Ruble)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2015 2016 2017 2018
Minimum wage 210 230 265 305
Living Wage - Single Adult 185-255 185-260 185-260 185-270
Living Wage - Typical Family 370-500 370-510 370-505 375-520
Real wage of low-skilled worker 245-325 275-380 275-380 310-410
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 305-430 325-480 345-500 380-535
Real wage of high-skilled worker 350-490 375-545 400-570 430-600

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.

Belarus Graph

Food basket and food prices in Belarussian Ruble

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food item Grams per day Energy (kcal) Price per kilo
Wheat, barley and cereals products 203 552 1.2-1.7
Rice 6 21 1-1.3
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 183 296 4.9-7
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 20 176 2-2.3
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 71 201 1-1.2
Maize and products 1 3 .9-1.2
Milk - Excluding Butter 252 121 .8-1
Vegetables, Other 214 56 1.5-3
Potatoes and products 346 231 .5-.6
Butter, Ghee 13 96 7-8
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 7 21 4-6
Pulses, Other and products 0 0 1.5-2.5
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 30 42 1.3-1.5
Sunflowerseed Oil 15 132 2-2.4
Fish products 31 21 4-5
Beer (0.5 liter/pint) 100 49 2.6-3.2
Sweeteners, Other 2 8 1-1.2
Sweet potatoes 0 0 1.3-2
Bananas 15 9 1.7-2
Soyabeans 1 2 2-3
Apples and products 50 22 1-1.4
Tomatoes and products 42 8 2-3
Onions 29 9 .6-.8
Oranges, Mandarines 20 6 2.3-2.5
Plantains 0 0 1.4-2
Roots, Other 0 0 1-1.5
Seeds and kernels 0 0 3-4.6
Wine (bottle) 16 12 5.3-6.7
Pineapples and products 2 1 2.9-3.6
Cream 0 0 3-7
Olives (including preserved) 1 1 5.6-7
Honey 1 2 8-10
Citrus, Other 0 0 2-2.3
Lemons, Limes and products 2 0 2.5-3
Tea (including mate) 1 0 8-11
Grapefruit and products 3 1 2.1-2.5
Coffee and products 3 1 9-14


WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

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