Living Wage Series - Argentina - January 2018 - In Argentine Peso, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in more than 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.


The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in Argentine Peso)


  Typical family Standard family Single-adult
  from-to from-to from-to
Food 4030-5380 3750-5010 935-1250
Housing 6000-7500 6000-7500 3360-4380
Transport 400-550 400-550 200-275
Health 500-1000 500-1000 125-250
Education 500-1000 500-1000 0
Other costs 570-770 555-755 230-310
Total Expenditure 12000-16200 11705-15815 4850-6465
Net Living Wage 7059-9529 6503-8786 4850-6465
Gross Living Wage 8470-11400 7810-10600 5820-7760


Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.


Family Living Wages (monthly rates in Argentine Peso)


There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

Typical family (two parents + 2.3 children, 1.7 working) 8470-11400
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 7810-10600
Two parents and two children, 2 working 7030-9490
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 9370-12700
Two parents and two children, 1 working 14100-19000
Two parents and three children, 1.7 working 8960-12100
Two parents and four children, 1.7 working 9650-13000
Single-adult without children, 1 working 5820-7760


Note: Results in the table are rounded.


Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in Argentine Peso)


The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.


  2015 2016 2017 2018
Minimum wage 5588 7560 8060 9500
Living Wage - Single Adult 3550-4930 4240-5750 5020-6510 5820-7760
Living Wage - Typical Family 5820-8290 6520-9080 7470-9940 8470-11400
Real wage of low-skilled worker 4680-6250 6110-7940 7940-10100 8360-10400
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 6410-8690 8130-10800 9810-12900 10700-13800
Real wage of high-skilled worker 9700-13300 12300-16500 14600-19500 15800-20500


Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.


Food basket and food prices in Argentine Peso


The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).


Food item Grams per day Energy (kcal) Price per kilo
Wheat, barley and cereals products 188 582 20-26
Rice 16 59 11-15
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 204 408 50-70
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 7 61 20-25
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 75 265 10-12
Maize and products 19 57 18-20
Milk - Excluding Butter 352 169 11-13
Vegetables, Other 73 20 25-40
Potatoes and products 59 40 7-10
Butter, Ghee 5 38 40-56
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 1 3 20-30
Pulses, Other and products 1 3 15-20
Cassava and products 3 3 10-15
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 21 27 13-15
Sunflowerseed Oil 19 171 24-30
Fish products 13 8 65-80
Beer 80 29 32-42
Sweeteners, Other 12 43 10-12
Beans 0 1 13-20
Sweet potatoes 16 14 10-15
Bananas 23 14 15-20
Soyabeans 0 0 15-30
Apples and products 36 17 15-20
Tomatoes and products 30 7 18-25
Onions 21 9 12-15
Oranges, Mandarines 39 10 15-20
Plantains 0 0 15-20
Peas 0 1 12-20
Seeds and kernels 0 0 20-50
Wine 45 31 47-60
Pineapples and products 2 1 .-.
Cream 0 1 28-58
Olives (including preserved) 0 0 50-89
Honey 0 0 45-60
Lemons, Limes and products 8 1 15-20
Tea (including mate) 9 4 15-25
Grapefruit and products 7 1 10-15
Coffee and products 2 1 45-60


WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.