Ukraine - Living Wages, October 2017. Per Month in UAH

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage for 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in Hryvnia)

  Typical family   Standard family   Single-adult  
  from to from to from to
Food 2880 3770 3290 4310 820 1080
Housing 1860 2860 1860 2860 1500 2370
Transport 240 350 240 350 120 175
Health 300 500 300 500 75 125
Education 300 500 300 500 0 0
Other costs 280 400 300 425 125 185
Total Expenditure 5860 8380 6290 8945 2640 3935
Net Living Wage 3663 5238 3494 4969 2640 3935
Gross Living Wage 4510 6440 4300 6110 3250 4840

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in Hryvnia)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from to
Typical family (two parents + 1.5 children, 1.6 working) 4510 6440
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 4300 6110
Two parents and two children, 2 working 3870 5500
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 5160 7340
Two parents and two children, 1 working 7740 11000
Two parents and three children, 1.6 working 5500 7740
Two parents and four children, 1.6 working 6160 8620
Single-adult without children, 1 working 3250 4840

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in Hryvnia)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2014 . 2015 . 2016 . 2017 .
  from to from to from to from to
Minimum wage 1218 1218 1218 1218 1378 1450 3200 3200
Living Wage - Single Adult 2280 3620 2670 4190 2840 4440 3250 4840
Living Wage - Typical Family 3380 5100 3770 5610 3950 5850 4510 6440
Real wage of low-skilled worker 1430 2040 1710 2480 1780 2600 2310 3230
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 1900 2770 2050 3030 2350 3500 3080 4420
Real wage of high-skilled worker 2220 3260 2410 3600 2670 4010 3560 5170

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.


Food basket and food prices in Hryvnia

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo fromto
Wheat, barley and cereals 239 665 9 12
Rice 6 20 11 16
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 111 174 49 60
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 4 33 25 29
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 77 273 10 12
Maize and products 20 55 6 7.5
Milk - Excluding Butter 278 165 9 10
Vegetables, Other 190 50 12 20
Potatoes and products 260 174 4 6
Butter, Ghee 10 71 65 72
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 6 20 33 50
Pulses, Other and products 0 0 13.5 20
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 34 48 10 12.8
Sunflowerseed Oil 20 181 27.5 30
Fish products 33 22 35 48
Beer 107 52 16 24
Sweeteners, Other 9 21 10 12
Sweet potatoes 0 0 5 5
Bananas 11 7 18 23
Soyabeans 0 0 15 21.5
Apples and products 21 10 8 11
Tomatoes and products 82 14 16 25
Onions 42 13 5 7
Oranges, Mandarines 18 5 11 15
Peas 3 10 8 10
Roots, Other 0 0 7 10
Wine 8 6 46.7 56
Pineapples and products 1 1 . .
Cream 0 0 25 50
Olives (including preserved) 1 1 45 70
Honey 2 6 65 100
Citrus, Other 0 0 20 25
Lemons, Limes and products 3 1 25 32
Tea (including mate) 1 1 100 170
Grapefruit and products 2 0 19 25
Coffee and products 3 1 100 200

WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

Cite this page: © WageIndicator 2017 - WageIndicator.org - Ukraine - Living Wages, October 2017. Per Month in UAH