Uganda - Living Wage Series, August 2017. In UGX per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator calculates Living Wage for around 50 countries based on prices collected within the WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey. The Living Wage calculated by WageIndicator is composed of seven parts: food, housing, transport, health, education, tax and other costs.

WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours to respond to different demands for living wage information: Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Family includes two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (5.9 children per woman). One parent is working full-time and the working hours of second parent are approximated by national employment rate (91% in 2017). Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children. One parent is employed full-time and the second parent works 4 days a week it means family employment rate is 1.8. Single-adult Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time with no dependents.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in UGX)

  Typical family   Standard family   Single-adult  
  from to from to from to
Food 791100 1094200 400400 554000 100100 138500
Housing 250000 311100 250000 311100 250000 311100
Transport 180000 300000 180000 300000 90000 150000
Health 30000 100000 30000 100000 7500 25000
Education 46000 135000 46000 135000 0 0
Other costs 64900 97000 45300 70000 22400 31200
Total Expenditure 1362000 2037300 951700 1470100 470000 655800
Net Living Wage 716842 1072263 528722 816722 470000 655800
Gross Living Wage 910390 1361774 671477 1037237 596900 832866

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in UGX)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of common household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from to
Typical family (two parents + 5.9 children, 1.9 working) 910400 1361800
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 671500 1037200
Two parents and two children, 2 working 604300 933500
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 805800 1244700
Two parents and two children, 1 working 1208700 1867000
Two parents and three children, 1.9 working 706400 1079800
Two parents and four children, 1.9 working 776600 1177100
Single-adult without children, 1 working 596900 832900

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in UGX)

Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including minimum wage, poverty line, and various prevailing wages of workers. Table shows the development of income levels over two years.

7-12/20151-6/20167-12/20161-6/2017
  from to from to from to from to
Minimum wage . . . . . . . .
Living Wage - Typical Family . . . . . . 910400 1361800
Living Wage - Single Adult . . . . . . 596900 832900
Real wage of low-skilled worker 458900 701000 448900 430300 374200 784800 531400 595200
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 548400 972300 608200 1013300 606700 995600 609600 1022000
Real wage of high-skilled worker 671100 1769800 622600 1561900 762000 1657700 801800 1725300

Note: Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web surveys on work and wages over the last 36 months. Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wage model diet and food prices in UGX

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo fromto
Wheat, barley and cereals 49 136 4400 7000
Rice 13 46 3000 3450
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 38 85 9500 12000
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 17 150 . .
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 46 119 . .
Maize and products 137 425 1200 1500
Milk - Excluding Butter 105 66 1500 2100
Vegetables, Other 60 13 1000 2000
Potatoes and products 11 8 2000 4000
Butter, Ghee 1 9 . .
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 11 57 . .
Pulses, Other and products 2 7 . .
Cassava and products 213 233 1100 1750
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 3 3 60000 3400
Sunflowerseed Oil 6 50 . .
Fish products 35 25 13000 16000
Beer 22 9 6000 7000
Sweeteners, Other 0 1 . .
Beans 64 215 2550 3500
Sweet potatoes 131 126 1500 2000
Bananas 41 25 1500 3000
Apples and products 0 0 2500 2500
Tomatoes and products 3 1 1000 1474
Onions 14 5 1300 3500
Plantains 284 252 . .
Peas 0 2 4000 6000
Seeds and kernels 8 31 2 2
Wine 0 0 33300 40000
Cream 0 0 4500 5000
Coffee and products 0 0 6500 6500

Data sources:

Living Wage FAQ.

WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey

World Bank Databank, Fertility rate – average births per woman in years 2010-2014

ILO, Estimated participation rate in 2017

FAO, Food balance sheet in 2013 

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