Living wage Series - Turkey - August 2017 - In TRY per Month

WageIndicator Living Wage Series - Wages in Context - Living Wages / in 2017

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator calculates Living Wage for around 50 countries based on prices collected within the WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey. The Living Wage calculated by WageIndicator is composed of seven parts: food, housing, transport, health, education, tax and other costs.

WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours to respond to different demands for living wage information: Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Family includes two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (2.1 children per woman). One parent is working full-time and the working hours of second parent are approximated by national employment rate (53% in 2017). Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children. One parent is employed full-time and the second parent works 4 days a week it means family employment rate is 1.8. Single-adult Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time with no dependents.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in TRY)

  Typical family   Standard family   Single-adult  
  from to from to from to
Food 655 990 640 960 160 240
Housing 630 740 630 740 450 600
Transport 200 310 200 310 100 155
Health 50 175 50 175 13 44
Education 115 200 115 200 0 0
Other costs 83 120 82 120 36 52
Total Expenditure 1733 2535 1717 2505 759 1091
Net Living Wage 1155 1690 954 1392 759 1091
Gross Living Wage 1548 2265 1278 1865 1016 1462

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in TRY)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of common household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from to
Typical family (two parents + 2.1 children, 1.5 working) 1550 2270
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 1280 1870
Two parents and two children, 2 working 1150 1680
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 1540 2240
Two parents and two children, 1 working 2300 3360
Two parents and three children, 1.5 working 1690 2460
Two parents and four children, 1.5 working 1840 2690
Single-adult without children, 1 working 1020 1460

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in TRY)

Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including minimum wage, poverty line, and various prevailing wages of workers. Table shows the development of income levels over two years.

7-12/20151-6/20167-12/20161-6/2017
  from to from to from to from to
Minimum wage 1274 . 1647 . 1647 . 1778 .
Living Wage - Typical Family . . . . . . 1550 2270
Living Wage - Single Adult . . . . . . 1020 1460
Real wage of low-skilled worker 1240 1460 . . 1640 2530 1640 2530
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 1390 1730 3080 4450 2290 4340 2290 4340
Real wage of high-skilled worker 2410 2840 3310 8150 3240 5420 3240 5420

Note: Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web surveys on work and wages over the last 36 months. Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wage model diet and food prices in TRY

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo fromto
Wheat, barley and cereals 278 768 2 2.8
Rice 17 57 3 3.5
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 58 81 12 25
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 22 193 . .
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 49 174 10 12
Maize and products 39 114 3 3
Milk - Excluding Butter 312 181 2 2.6
Vegetables, Other 199 42 2 4
Potatoes and products 64 46 1 1.5
Butter, Ghee 6 45 17.5 25
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 14 45 16 23
Pulses, Other and products 16 57 2 2.5
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 13 19 51.7 5
Sunflowerseed Oil 14 127 . .
Fish products 10 6 10 12
Beer 19 8 12 14
Sweeteners, Other 0 1 5 10
Beans 4 15 4 5.8
Bananas 8 5 3.5 4
Soyabeans 3 2 3.5 9
Apples and products 54 22 2 3
Tomatoes and products 158 31 2 4
Onions 30 12 1 1.4
Oranges, Mandarines 38 9 . .
Peas 0 1 5 6
Roots, Other 0 0 2 2
Seeds and kernels 1 5 11 30
Wine 1 1 33.3 40
Cream 0 0 6 8
Olives (including preserved) 8 23 10 10
Honey 2 6 . .
Citrus, Other 0 0 2 2
Lemons, Limes and products 6 1 2 2
Tea (including mate) 5 2 7 12
Grapefruit and products 2 1 1.8 1.8
Coffee and products 1 1 50 50

Data sources:

Living Wage FAQ.

WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey

World Bank Databank, Fertility rate – average births per woman in years 2010-2014

ILO, Estimated participation rate in 2017

FAO, Food balance sheet in 2013 

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