Living Wage Series - Togo - October 2017 - In CFA Franc BCEAO per Month

Living wages, Wages in context - Togo

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage for 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in CFA Franc BCEAO)

  Typical family   Standard family   Single-adult  
  from to from to from to
Food 214300 273400 128000 163200 32000 40800
Housing 25000 30700 25000 30700 16300 24400
Transport 30000 54000 30000 54000 15000 27000
Health 11100 13000 11100 13000 2780 3250
Education 25000 15500 25000 15500 0 0
Other costs 15300 19300 11000 13800 3300 4770
Total Expenditure 320700 405900 230100 290200 69375 100220
Net Living Wage 168789 213632 127833 161222 69375 100220
Gross Living Wage 185700 235000 140600 177400 76300 110200

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in CFA Franc BCEAO)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from to
Typical family (two parents + 4.7 children, 1.9 working) 185700 235000
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 140600 177400
Two parents and two children, 2 working 126600 159600
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 168700 212800
Two parents and two children, 1 working 253100 319200
Two parents and three children, 1.9 working 152600 192900
Two parents and four children, 1.9 working 172100 217700
Single-adult without children, 1 working 76300 110200

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in CFA Franc BCEAO)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2014 . 2015 . 2016 . 2017 .
  from to from to from to from to
Minimum wage 35000 35000 35000 35000 35000 35000 35000 35000
Living Wage - Single Adult . . . . . . 76300 110200
Living Wage - Typical Family . . . . . . 185700 235000
Real wage of low-skilled worker . . . . . . 24400 33300
Real wage of medium-skilled worker . . . . . . 55200 84100
Real wage of high-skilled worker . . . . . . 146100 196600

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.

Food basket and food prices in CFA Franc BCEAO

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo fromto
Wheat, barley and cereals 106 305 800 1000
Rice 62 222 450 1000
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 31 48 1500 2000
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 19 172 . .
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 29 100 1000 1000
Maize and products 165 496 700 700
Milk - Excluding Butter 19 9 1000 1200
Vegetables, Other 43 11 200 200
Potatoes and products 1 1 1200 1500
Butter, Ghee 1 3 . .
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 10 47 500 600
Pulses, Other and products 2 5 500 800
Cassava and products 273 300 500 500
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 2 3 625 1000
Fish products 28 18 1500 1600
Beer 16 7 985 1200
Sweeteners, Other 0 0 1100 1100
Beans 34 114 700 1000
Sweet potatoes 3 3 500 500
Bananas 6 3 500 1000
Soyabeans 0 0 600 600
Yams 192 192 1000 1500
Apples and products 0 0 750 1000
Tomatoes and products 19 4 500 1000
Onions 4 2 700 1500
Oranges, Mandarines 6 2 . .
Peas 0 0 700 800
Roots, Other 6 5 500 500
Seeds and kernels 0 1 1000 1500
Wine 2 2 2270 3670
Cream 0 0 750 1450
Olives (including preserved) 4 26 . .
Citrus, Other 0 0 250 250
Lemons, Limes and products 0 0 300 500
Grapefruit and products 0 0 1000 1000
Coffee and products 2 1 750 1500

WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

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