Living wage Series - Netherlands, October 2017, in EUR, per month

WageIndicator Living Wage Series - Wages in Context - Living Wages / Leefbaar Loon in 2017

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage for 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in Euro)

  Typical family   Standard family   Single-adult  
  from to from to from to
Food 410 545 445 590 110 145
Housing 650 800 650 800 450 550
Transport 100 155 100 155 50 78
Health 60 150 60 150 15 38
Education 50 100 50 100 0 0
Other costs 64 87 65 90 31 41
Total Expenditure 1334 1837 1370 1885 656 852
Net Living Wage 834 1148 761 1047 656 852
Gross Living Wage 1050 1450 960 1320 825 1080

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in Euro)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from to
Typical family (two parents + 1.7 children, 1.6 working) 1050 1450
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 960 1320
Two parents and two children, 2 working 865 1190
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 1150 1590
Two parents and two children, 1 working 1730 2380
Two parents and three children, 1.6 working 1170 1610
Two parents and four children, 1.6 working 1260 1730
Single-adult without children, 1 working 825 1080

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in Euro)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2014 . 2015 . 2016 . 2017 .
  from to from to from to from to
Minimum wage 1486 1495 1501 1501 1525 1537 1552 1552
Living Wage - Single Adult 790 1030 795 1040 835 1070 825 1080
Living Wage - Typical Family 1060 1470 1030 1450 1060 1470 1050 1450
Real wage of low-skilled worker 1380 1600 1410 1650 1370 1590 1440 1670
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 1690 2040 1720 2080 1710 2070 1780 2160
Real wage of high-skilled worker 2250 2820 2270 2860 2250 2830 2330 2940

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.


Food basket and food prices in Euro

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo fromto
Wheat, barley and cereals 153 444 2 2.5
Rice 5 19 1 1.5
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 166 279 6 8
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 26 233 1.5 2
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 78 277 1.2 2
Maize and products 5 11 2 2
Milk - Excluding Butter 628 309 .8 1
Vegetables, Other 110 40 1.6 2
Potatoes and products 167 111 1 2
Butter, Ghee 9 66 2 3
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 17 43 2.5 3.5
Pulses, Other and products 1 3 1.5 2
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 26 36 1.3 1.7
Sunflowerseed Oil 1 5 1 1.4
Fish products 41 32 9 12
Beer 98 48 3 6
Sweeteners, Other 3 7 1 1.3
Beans 1 2 1.3 2
Sweet potatoes 2 1 2 3
Bananas 11 8 1 1.7
Soyabeans 0 0 2 3
Yams 0 0 2.4 3.5
Apples and products 60 28 1.5 2
Tomatoes and products 46 11 1.5 2
Onions 3 1 1 1
Oranges, Mandarines 161 36 2 2.5
Plantains 2 1 1.5 2
Peas 2 5 1.1 2
Roots, Other 0 0 1 2
Seeds and kernels 0 5 3 4
Wine 38 26 5.3 6.7
Pineapples and products 8 3 . .
Cream 0 0 2 5
Olives (including preserved) 1 1 3.8 6
Honey 1 3 3 4
Citrus, Other 0 0 2 2.7
Lemons, Limes and products 4 1 2 2.5
Tea (including mate) 2 1 2.5 4.9
Grapefruit and products 15 2 2 3
Coffee and products 4 2 4 6

WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

Cite this page: © WageIndicator 2017 - WageIndicator.org - Living wage Series - Netherlands, October 2017, in EUR, per month