Living Wages in Senegal by October 2017. In CFA Franc BCEAO, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage for 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in CFA Franc BCEAO)

  Typical family   Standard family   Single-adult  
  from to from to from to
Food 108500 137600 61100 77500 15300 19400
Housing 50000 75000 50000 75000 19900 33600
Transport 20000 24000 20000 24000 10000 12000
Health 10000 23000 10000 23000 2500 5750
Education 10000 30000 10000 30000 0 0
Other costs 9920 14500 7560 11500 2390 3540
Total Expenditure 208420 304100 158660 241000 50090 74290
Net Living Wage 122600 178882 88144 133889 50090 74290
Gross Living Wage 143400 209300 103100 156700 58600 86900

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in CFA Franc BCEAO)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from to
Typical family (two parents + 5.1 children, 1.7 working) 143400 209300
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 103100 156700
Two parents and two children, 2 working 92800 141000
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 123800 188000
Two parents and two children, 1 working 185600 282000
Two parents and three children, 1.7 working 120300 179900
Two parents and four children, 1.7 working 131300 193900
Single-adult without children, 1 working 58600 86900

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in CFA Franc BCEAO)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2014 . 2015 . 2016 . 2017 .
  from to from to from to from to
Minimum wage 35858 35858 35858 35858 35858 35858 35858 35858
Living Wage - Single Adult . . . . . . 58600 86900
Living Wage - Typical Family . . . . . . 143400 209300
Real wage of low-skilled worker 42000 81600 71500 102500 91900 152200 64100 101500
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 120700 167000 128200 186500 146200 250500 107000 170500
Real wage of high-skilled worker 210800 312400 212400 334400 252600 476800 184200 324800

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.


Food basket and food prices in CFA Franc BCEAO

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo fromto
Wheat, barley and cereals 184 482 300 350
Rice 171 617 300 375
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 41 66 2400 2800
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 40 353 900 999
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 40 142 600 650
Maize and products 61 183 250 300
Milk - Excluding Butter 40 26 800 1200
Vegetables, Other 47 12 400 500
Potatoes and products 13 9 400 400
Butter, Ghee 1 11 1350 1550
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 15 56 400 550
Pulses, Other and products 6 21 1000 1000
Cassava and products 20 22 400 500
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 4 5 900 1000
Sunflowerseed Oil 0 1 1090 1200
Fish products 57 33 1500 2000
Beer 4 2 1400 1600
Sweeteners, Other 3 8 700 900
Beans 0 0 650 1100
Sweet potatoes 5 5 490 500
Bananas 8 4 700 700
Yams 0 0 500 1000
Apples and products 2 1 1000 1200
Tomatoes and products 26 5 450 690
Onions 55 22 300 400
Oranges, Mandarines 9 3 350 625
Plantains 0 0 1000 1000
Peas 1 5 800 1000
Roots, Other 0 0 500 700
Seeds and kernels 0 3 680 1000
Wine 1 1 2000 2930
Pineapples and products 1 1 . .
Cream 0 0 1250 2000
Olives (including preserved) 0 1 3000 3650
Honey 1 2 1600 2000
Citrus, Other 0 0 1200 1200
Lemons, Limes and products 6 1 500 700
Tea (including mate) 1 0 1250 2500
Grapefruit and products 0 0 500 1000
Coffee and products 0 0 2500 3250

WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

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