Living Wages in Senegal by August 2017. In XOF, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator calculates Living Wage for around 50 countries based on prices collected within the WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey. The Living Wage calculated by WageIndicator is composed of seven parts: food, housing, transport, health, education, tax and other costs.

WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours to respond to different demands for living wage information: Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Family includes two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (5.1 children per woman). One parent is working full-time and the working hours of second parent are approximated by national employment rate (66% in 2017). Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children. One parent is employed full-time and the second parent works 4 days a week it means family employment rate is 1.8. Single-adult Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time with no dependents.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in XOF)

  Typical family   Standard family   Single-adult  
  from to from to from to
Food 108600 133000 61200 74800 15300 18700
Housing 50000 75000 50000 75000 25000 40000
Transport 20000 24000 20000 24000 10000 12000
Health 10000 17000 10000 17000 2500 4250
Education 17000 30000 17000 30000 0 0
Other costs 10300 14000 7910 11000 2640 3750
Total Expenditure 215900 293000 166110 231800 55440 78700
Net Living Wage 127000 172353 92283 128778 55440 78700
Gross Living Wage 149860 203376 108894 151958 65419 92866

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in XOF)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of common household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from to
Typical family (two parents + 5.1 children, 1.7 working) 149900 203400
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 108900 152000
Two parents and two children, 2 working 98000 136800
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 130700 182400
Two parents and two children, 1 working 196000 273500
Two parents and three children, 1.7 working 126500 174600
Two parents and four children, 1.7 working 137600 188200
Single-adult without children, 1 working 65400 92900

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in XOF)

Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including minimum wage, poverty line, and various prevailing wages of workers. Table shows the development of income levels over two years.

7-12/20151-6/20167-12/20161-6/2017
  from to from to from to from to
Minimum wage 35858 . 35858 . 35858 . 35858 .
Living Wage - Typical Family 228400 291900 145800 202500 148300 204300 149900 203400
Living Wage - Single Adult 75000 100700 65100 92600 65100 93300 65400 92900
Real wage of low-skilled worker 102200 111100 125800 177600 87400 147100 75800 111600
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 140200 201800 157100 242900 114800 226200 129700 212000
Real wage of high-skilled worker 219200 341200 271900 452500 201800 425200 214100 346400

Note: Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web surveys on work and wages over the last 36 months. Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wage model diet and food prices in XOF

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo fromto
Wheat, barley and cereals 184 482 300 350
Rice 171 617 300 375
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 41 66 2400 2800
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 40 353 900 999
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 40 142 600 650
Maize and products 61 183 250 300
Milk - Excluding Butter 40 26 800 1200
Vegetables, Other 47 12 400 500
Potatoes and products 13 9 400 400
Butter, Ghee 1 11 1350 1550
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 15 56 400 550
Pulses, Other and products 6 21 1000 1000
Cassava and products 20 22 400 500
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 4 5 18000 1000
Sunflowerseed Oil 0 1 1090 1200
Fish products 57 33 1500 2000
Beer 4 2 1400 1600
Sweeteners, Other 3 8 700 900
Beans 0 0 650 1100
Sweet potatoes 5 5 490 500
Bananas 8 4 700 700
Yams 0 0 500 1000
Apples and products 2 1 1000 1200
Tomatoes and products 26 5 450 690
Onions 55 22 300 400
Oranges, Mandarines 9 3 350 625
Plantains 0 0 1000 1000
Peas 1 5 800 1000
Roots, Other 0 0 500 700
Seeds and kernels 0 3 680 1000
Wine 1 1 2000 2930
Pineapples and products 1 1 . .
Cream 0 0 1250 2000
Olives (including preserved) 0 1 3000 3650
Honey 1 2 1600 2000
Citrus, Other 0 0 1200 1200
Lemons, Limes and products 6 1 500 700
Tea (including mate) 1 0 1250 2500
Grapefruit and products 0 0 500 1000
Coffee and products 0 0 2500 3250

Data sources:

Living Wage FAQ.

WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey

World Bank Databank, Fertility rate – average births per woman in years 2010-2014

ILO, Estimated participation rate in 2017

FAO, Food balance sheet in 2013 

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