Living wage Series - Russian Federation, October 2017 - In Russian Ruble, per Month

WageIndicator Living Wage Series - Wages in Context - Living Wages

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage for 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in Russian Ruble)

  Typical family   Standard family   Single-adult  
  from to from to from to
Food 12300 16800 13300 18200 3330 4550
Housing 6000 13300 6000 13300 4500 10000
Transport 2400 3200 2400 3200 1200 1600
Health 2000 3000 2000 3000 500 750
Education 2000 3500 2000 3500 0 0
Other costs 1240 2000 1290 2060 475 845
Total Expenditure 25940 41800 26990 43260 10005 17745
Net Living Wage 15259 24588 14994 24033 10005 17745
Gross Living Wage 17600 28300 17300 27600 11500 20400

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in Russian Ruble)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from to
Typical family (two parents + 1.7 children, 1.7 working) 17600 28300
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 17300 27600
Two parents and two children, 2 working 15500 24900
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 20700 33200
Two parents and two children, 1 working 31000 49800
Two parents and three children, 1.7 working 20600 32500
Two parents and four children, 1.7 working 23000 35700
Single-adult without children, 1 working 11500 20400

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in Russian Ruble)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2014 . 2015 . 2016 . 2017 .
  from to from to from to from to
Minimum wage 5554 5554 5965 5965 6204 6204 7500 7500
Living Wage - Single Adult 10400 19500 10900 19300 11000 20100 11500 20400
Living Wage - Typical Family 16400 27100 16600 26700 16700 27600 17600 28300
Real wage of low-skilled worker 8360 12400 8440 12000 9180 13300 13600 18300
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 14400 22800 15100 22900 16400 25500 22000 32000
Real wage of high-skilled worker 21400 34100 21800 33300 23800 37300 31500 46100

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.


Food basket and food prices in Russian Ruble

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo fromto
Wheat, barley and cereals 253 714 40 50
Rice 8 29 40 50
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 141 215 200 290
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 2 19 70 100
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 76 262 40 50
Maize and products 1 2 36 60
Milk - Excluding Butter 290 174 38 45
Vegetables, Other 126 33 50 80
Potatoes and products 201 134 25 30
Butter, Ghee 10 74 200 300
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 4 12 150 200
Pulses, Other and products 0 0 40 60
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 27 38 41.7 50
Sunflowerseed Oil 22 195 80 100
Fish products 41 35 150 200
Beer 111 54 100 140
Sweeteners, Other 10 19 40 50
Sweet potatoes 0 0 50 125
Bananas 16 10 49 60
Soyabeans 0 0 200 200
Yams 0 0 180 180
Apples and products 42 16 50 70
Tomatoes and products 48 9 70 100
Onions 27 8 26 35
Oranges, Mandarines 20 6 50 65
Peas 3 11 37.5 40
Roots, Other 0 0 40 90
Seeds and kernels 0 1 85 100
Wine 16 12 267 333
Pineapples and products 2 1 . .
Cream 4 8 120 280
Olives (including preserved) 2 2 240 300
Honey 1 3 400 500
Citrus, Other 0 0 60 80
Lemons, Limes and products 3 1 90 120
Tea (including mate) 2 1 300 500
Grapefruit and products 2 1 80 100
Coffee and products 3 1 450 1000

WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

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