Living Wages in Romania by August 2017. In RON, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator calculates Living Wage for around 50 countries based on prices collected within the WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey. The Living Wage calculated by WageIndicator is composed of seven parts: food, housing, transport, health, education, tax and other costs.

WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours to respond to different demands for living wage information: Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Family includes two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (1.5 children per woman). One parent is working full-time and the working hours of second parent are approximated by national employment rate (59% in 2017). Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children. One parent is employed full-time and the second parent works 4 days a week it means family employment rate is 1.8. Single-adult Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time with no dependents.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in RON)

  Typical family   Standard family   Single-adult  
  from to from to from to
Food 790 1040 900 1180 225 295
Housing 380 555 380 555 310 495
Transport 100 120 100 120 50 60
Health 100 190 100 190 25 48
Education 150 200 150 200 0 0
Other costs 76 105 82 110 31 45
Total Expenditure 1596 2210 1712 2355 641 943
Net Living Wage 998 1381 951 1308 641 943
Gross Living Wage 1357 1879 1294 1779 872 1282

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in RON)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of common household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from to
Typical family (two parents + 1.5 children, 1.6 working) 1360 1880
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 1300 1780
Two parents and two children, 2 working 1170 1600
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 1550 2140
Two parents and two children, 1 working 2330 3210
Two parents and three children, 1.6 working 1660 2270
Two parents and four children, 1.6 working 1860 2530
Single-adult without children, 1 working 870 1280

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in RON)

Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including minimum wage, poverty line, and various prevailing wages of workers. Table shows the development of income levels over two years.

7-12/20151-6/20167-12/20161-6/2017
  from to from to from to from to
Minimum wage 1050 . 1050 . 1250 . 1450 .
Living Wage - Typical Family . . 1440 1980 1610 2100 1360 1880
Living Wage - Single Adult . . 1220 1590 1320 1680 870 1280
Real wage of low-skilled worker 1260 1580 1040 1300 1080 1290 1170 1430
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 1070 1560 1220 1600 1290 1630 1410 1780
Real wage of high-skilled worker 1800 2790 1930 2770 1970 2710 2050 2820

Note: Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web surveys on work and wages over the last 36 months. Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wage model diet and food prices in RON

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo fromto
Wheat, barley and cereals 246 661 2.6 4.4
Rice 5 16 3 4
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 93 141 15 20
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 4 36 4 5
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 40 141 3 3.1
Maize and products 72 203 6 8
Milk - Excluding Butter 423 279 3 4
Vegetables, Other 213 49 3 4
Potatoes and products 177 117 1.5 2
Butter, Ghee 7 52 10.5 20
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 4 10 10.5 18
Pulses, Other and products 0 1 4 7
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 23 32 100 5.4
Sunflowerseed Oil 19 168 4.6 5.9
Fish products 11 8 20 25
Beer 143 70 5.8 7
Sweeteners, Other 4 14 3 3
Beans 3 10 7.2 8.3
Sweet potatoes 0 0 6 8.9
Bananas 3 2 4 5
Soyabeans 0 0 8 14
Apples and products 39 19 2.5 3
Tomatoes and products 70 12 4 5
Onions 35 14 2 2
Oranges, Mandarines 14 4 3.5 4
Plantains 4 3 7 8
Peas 0 1 6 8
Roots, Other 0 0 2.3 3
Seeds and kernels 0 2 10 10
Wine 37 25 13.3 20
Pineapples and products 1 1 7 7
Cream 0 0 9 12
Olives (including preserved) 2 3 15 17
Honey 1 4 20 25
Citrus, Other 0 0 6 7
Lemons, Limes and products 3 1 5 6.5
Tea (including mate) 0 0 20 25
Grapefruit and products 2 1 6 7
Coffee and products 4 2 25 30

Data sources:

Living Wage FAQ.

WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey

World Bank Databank, Fertility rate – average births per woman in years 2010-2014

ILO, Estimated participation rate in 2017

FAO, Food balance sheet in 2013 

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