Living Wage Series - Pakistan - In PKR, per Month

October 2017

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage for 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in Pakistan Rupee)

  Typical family   Standard family   Single-adult  
  from to from to from to
Food 17000 19600 11900 13800 2980 3450
Housing 14100 16800 14100 16800 6550 7940
Transport 1200 1900 1200 1900 600 950
Health 650 1000 650 1000 165 250
Education 500 1000 500 1000 0 0
Other costs 1670 2020 1420 1730 515 630
Total Expenditure 35120 42320 29770 36230 10808 13220
Net Living Wage 21950 26450 16539 20128 10808 13220
Gross Living Wage 23900 28800 18000 21900 11800 14400

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in Pakistan Rupee)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from to
Typical family (two parents + 3.7 children, 1.6 working) 23900 28800
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 18000 21900
Two parents and two children, 2 working 16200 19800
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 21600 26300
Two parents and two children, 1 working 32500 39500
Two parents and three children, 1.6 working 22400 27100
Two parents and four children, 1.6 working 24600 29600
Single-adult without children, 1 working 11800 14400

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in Pakistan Rupee)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2014 . 2015 . 2016 . 2017 .
  from to from to from to from to
Minimum wage 9000 9000 9000 9000 10000 10000 14000 14000
Living Wage - Single Adult 10400 14400 11000 13300 11400 14500 11800 14400
Living Wage - Typical Family 20200 28000 22500 27500 23200 29000 23900 28800
Real wage of low-skilled worker 17200 21500 24700 30700 16100 17000 16000 20700
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 17300 26100 20200 30800 17500 25700 19800 31300
Real wage of high-skilled worker 28000 44200 30100 47500 26700 41100 30400 49800

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.


Food basket and food prices in Pakistan Rupee

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo fromto
Wheat, barley and cereals 276 802 76 100
Rice 29 109 80 105
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 44 67 270 350
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 27 213 125 130
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 111 248 58 60
Maize and products 35 113 50 80
Milk - Excluding Butter 439 281 80 84
Vegetables, Other 32 8 40 47.3
Potatoes and products 37 25 25 32
Butter, Ghee 12 103 103 110
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 3 6 140 150
Pulses, Other and products 11 37 115 130
Cassava and products 0 0 50 65
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 7 10 75 83.3
Sunflowerseed Oil 2 17 160 160
Fish products 5 4 300 400
Beer 0 0 540 606
Sweeteners, Other 0 1 54 60
Beans 2 9 120 125
Sweet potatoes 0 0 20 30
Bananas 0 0 60 80
Soyabeans 0 0 120 130
Apples and products 7 4 70 100
Tomatoes and products 11 2 50 80
Onions 20 9 35 50
Oranges, Mandarines 21 6 80 100
Peas 3 10 80 120
Roots, Other 6 6 30 35
Seeds and kernels 0 0 260 300
Wine 0 0 400 633
Cream 0 0 100 200
Olives (including preserved) 4 11 800 800
Honey 0 0 570 650
Citrus, Other 0 0 70 100
Lemons, Limes and products 1 0 80 130
Tea (including mate) 2 1 640 730
Grapefruit and products 0 0 120 200
Coffee and products 0 0 380 500

WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

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