Living Wage Series - Pakistan - January 2018 - In Pakistan Rupee, per Month

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in more than 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in Pakistan Rupee)

  Typical family Standard family Single-adult
  from-to from-to from-to
Food 17000-19600 12000-13800 2990-3450
Housing 13500-17200 13500-17200 5970-7920
Transport 1200-1670 1200-1670 600-835
Health 700-1000 700-1000 175-250
Education 500-1000 500-1000 0
Other costs 1650-2030 1400-1740 485-620
Total Expenditure 34550-42500 29300-36410 10220-13075
Net Living Wage 21594-26563 16278-20228 10220-13075
Gross Living Wage 23500-29000 17800-22100 11100-14300

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.


Family Living Wages (monthly rates in Pakistan Rupee)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from-to
Typical family (two parents + 3.7 children, 1.6 working) 23500-29000
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 17800-22100
Two parents and two children, 2 working 16000-19900
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 21300-26500
Two parents and two children, 1 working 31900-39700
Two parents and three children, 1.6 working 22100-27200
Two parents and four children, 1.6 working 24200-29700
Single-adult without children, 1 working 11100-14300

Note: Results in the table are rounded.


Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in Pakistan Rupee)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2015 2016 2017 2018
Minimum wage 9000 10000 14000 14000
Living Wage - Single Adult 9570-13600 10900-13100 9940-14200 11100-14300
Living Wage - Typical Family 19700-27600 22800-27600 21800-29000 23500-29000
Real wage of low-skilled worker 19100-23800 22600-25900 16800-21700 23300-28700
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 17500-25600 19400-27800 19500-30800 22100-31800
Real wage of high-skilled worker 26100-41000 28700-43800 29400-49200 33500-51400

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.


Food basket and food prices in Pakistan Rupee

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo
Wheat, barley and cereals products 276 802 80-100
Rice 29 109 80-100
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 44 67 270-350
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 27 213 125-130
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 111 248 58-60
Maize and products 35 113 60-80
Milk - Excluding Butter 439 281 80-84
Vegetables, Other 32 8 40-45
Potatoes and products 37 25 25-30
Butter, Ghee 12 103 100-110
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 3 6 140-150
Pulses, Other and products 11 37 115-130
Cassava and products 0 0 50-78
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 7 10 75-83
Sunflowerseed Oil 2 17 160-160
Fish products 5 4 280-400
Beer 0 0 300-348
Sweeteners, Other 0 1 60-60
Beans 2 9 120-125
Sweet potatoes 0 0 20-25
Bananas 0 0 60-80
Soyabeans 0 0 85-120
Apples and products 7 4 70-100
Tomatoes and products 11 2 50-80
Onions 20 9 35-50
Oranges, Mandarines 21 6 100-110
Peas 3 10 80-130
Roots, Other 6 6 30-35
Seeds and kernels 0 0 95-175
Wine 0 0 400-400
Cream 0 0 100-200
Olives (including preserved) 4 11 800-800
Honey 0 0 570-650
Citrus, Other 0 0 60-100
Lemons, Limes and products 1 0 80-150
Tea (including mate) 2 1 680-730
Grapefruit and products 0 0 120-200
Coffee and products 0 0 380-500


WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

Cite this page: © WageIndicator 2018 - WageIndicator.org - Living Wage Series - Pakistan - January 2018 - In Pakistan Rupee, per Month