Living Wage Series - Burundi - January 2018 - In Burundi Franc, per Month

Living wages, Wages in context - Burundi

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator uses prices from the Cost of Living Survey to calculate Living Wage in more than 60 countries. The Living Wage is an approximate income needed to meet a family’s basic needs including food, housing, transport, health, education, tax deductions and other necessities.

The following table summarises the varying expenditure and income needs for the three commonly occurring family household compositions.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in Burundi Franc)

  Typical family Standard family Single-adult
  from-to from-to from-to
Food 498000-631100 249000-315600 62300-78900
Housing 200000-200000 200000-200000 84000-84000
Transport 40000-60000 40000-60000 20000-30000
Health 16000-20000 16000-20000 4000-5000
Education 15200-12500 15200-12500 0
Other costs 38500-46200 26000-30400 8520-9900
Total Expenditure 807700-969800 546200-638500 178820-207800
Net Living Wage 425105-510421 303444-354722 178820-207800
Gross Living Wage 467600-561500 333800-390200 196700-228600

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in Burundi Franc)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of most common family household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

Typical family (two parents + 6 children, 1.9 working) 467600-561500
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 333800-390200
Two parents and two children, 2 working 300400-351200
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 400600-468200
Two parents and two children, 1 working 600800-702400
Two parents and three children, 1.9 working 354100-417700
Two parents and four children, 1.9 working 391900-465500
Single-adult without children, 1 working 196700-228600

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in Burundi Franc)

The Minimum Wage is a national legally binding obligation on employers which often make no reference to a living standard. Living Wage describes the adequate living standard. The common goal of the many living wage campaigns currently taking place all over the world is to lift Minimum Wages levels to those of the Living Wages. WageIndicator presents Living Wages jointly with Minimum Wages, aiming to raise awareness concerning the remaining differences in levels. Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including prevailing wages of workers over recent years.

  2015 2016 2017 2018
Minimum wage . . . .
Living Wage - Single Adult .-. .-. .-. 196700-228600
Living Wage - Typical Family .-. .-. .-. 467600-561500
Real wage of low-skilled worker .-. .-. .-. 74600-98300
Real wage of medium-skilled worker .-. .-. .-. 100900-150400
Real wage of high-skilled worker .-. .-. .-. 94500-135200

Note: Table shows the lowest monthly Minimum Wage in a country, when available. Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web survey on work and wages. Results in the table are rounded.

Food basket and food prices in Burundi Franc

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo
Wheat, barley and cereals products 59 176 1600-2000
Rice 23 81 1330-1500
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 24 36 7000-8000
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 6 52 .-.
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 14 49 1850-2200
Maize and products 39 123 .-.
Milk - Excluding Butter 19 12 1600-3300
Vegetables, Other 117 25 800-1000
Potatoes and products 268 191 800-900
Butter, Ghee 1 6 .-.
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 2 9 2500-2500
Pulses, Other and products 0 0 1500-1500
Cassava and products 258 264 600-600
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 0 1 208-292
Sunflowerseed Oil 0 2 .-.
Fish products 10 7 8000-9000
Beer 15 7 3400-3400
Beans 92 308 1300-1500
Sweet potatoes 232 223 500-500
Bananas 751 450 800-1200
Soyabeans 5 21 .-.
Yams 16 16 .-.
Apples and products 0 0 750-750
Tomatoes and products 29 5 800-1500
Onions 3 1 1300-1700
Oranges, Mandarines 2 1 .-.
Peas 6 19 2500-2500
Roots, Other 19 17 .-.
Wine 0 0 17300-24000
Cream 0 0 2800-8000
Lemons, Limes and products 3 0 2000-2000
Tea (including mate) 0 0 3000-3000
Coffee and products 0 0 9000-9000

WageIndicator Living Wage background:

The WageIndicator Living Wage is set to provide acceptable living standard to a family of a particular size. WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours which reflect the most frequently found real situations in which people have to make a living: 1. Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Typical family is comprised of two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her lifespan). One adult is working full-time and the working hours of second adult are approximated by national employment rate. The total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 2. Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children (referred to as family 2+2). Living wage is calculated under different assumptions about working hours. These include that both adults work full-time (family employment rate is 2), or at least one adult works part-time or half-time (family employment rate is 1.8 and 1.5), or one adult does not work at all (i.e. patriarchal model with family employment 1). Alternatives refer to trade-offs between leisure and work and define what living wage represents. In every case the total income earned by two adults paid living wage is sufficient to reach adequate living standard. 3. Extended family Living Wage includes family with three or four children. One adult works full-time and the work intensity of second parent is approximated by national employment rate. 4. Individual Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time.

Data sources: WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey, World Bank Databank Fertility rate 2010-2014, ILO Estimated participation rate in 2017, FAO Food balance sheet in 2013.

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