Living Wage Series - Burundi, August 2017 - BIF per Month

Living wages, Wages in context - Burundi

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator calculates Living Wage for around 50 countries based on prices collected within the WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey. The Living Wage calculated by WageIndicator is composed of seven parts: food, housing, transport, health, education, tax and other costs.

WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours to respond to different demands for living wage information: Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Family includes two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (6 children per woman). One parent is working full-time and the working hours of second parent are approximated by national employment rate (93% in 2017). Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children. One parent is employed full-time and the second parent works 4 days a week it means family employment rate is 1.8. Single-adult Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time with no dependents.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in BIF)

  Typical family   Standard family   Single-adult  
  from to from to from to
Food 495300 659600 247600 330000 61900 82500
Housing 200000 200000 200000 200000 100000 100000
Transport 40000 60000 40000 60000 20000 30000
Health 20000 40000 20000 40000 5000 10000
Education 10000 16000 10000 16000 0 0
Other costs 38300 48800 25900 32300 9350 11100
Total Expenditure 803600 1024400 543500 678300 196250 233600
Net Living Wage 422947 539158 301944 376833 196250 233600
Gross Living Wage 465242 593074 332139 414517 215875 256960

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in BIF)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of common household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from to
Typical family (two parents + 6 children, 1.9 working) 465200 593100
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 332100 414500
Two parents and two children, 2 working 298900 373100
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 398600 497400
Two parents and two children, 1 working 597900 746100
Two parents and three children, 1.9 working 352300 442800
Two parents and four children, 1.9 working 389900 493000
Single-adult without children, 1 working 215900 257000

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in BIF)

Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including minimum wage, poverty line, and various prevailing wages of workers. Table shows the development of income levels over two years.

7-12/20151-6/20167-12/20161-6/2017
  from to from to from to from to
Minimum wage . . . . . . . .
Living Wage - Typical Family . . . . . . 465200 593100
Living Wage - Single Adult . . . . . . 215900 257000
  . . . . . . . .
  . . . . . . . .
  . . . . . . . .

Note: Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web surveys on work and wages over the last 36 months. Results in the table are rounded.



Living Wage model diet and food prices in BIF

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo fromto
Wheat, barley and cereals 59 176 1600 2000
Rice 23 81 1350 1500
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 24 36 7000 8000
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 6 52 . .
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 14 49 1850 2200
Maize and products 39 123 . .
Milk - Excluding Butter 19 12 1600 3300
Vegetables, Other 117 25 800 1000
Potatoes and products 268 191 800 900
Butter, Ghee 1 6 . .
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 2 9 2500 2500
Pulses, Other and products 0 0 1500 1500
Cassava and products 258 264 600 1050
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 0 1 4170 290
Sunflowerseed Oil 0 2 . .
Fish products 10 7 8000 9000
Beer 15 7 3000 3400
Beans 92 308 1300 1500
Sweet potatoes 232 223 500 500
Bananas 751 450 800 1200
Soyabeans 5 21 . .
Yams 16 16 . .
Apples and products 0 0 750 750
Tomatoes and products 29 5 800 1500
Onions 3 1 1300 1700
Oranges, Mandarines 2 1 . .
Peas 6 19 2500 2500
Roots, Other 19 17 600 600
Wine 0 0 17300 24000
Cream 0 0 2800 8000
Lemons, Limes and products 3 0 2000 2000
Tea (including mate) 0 0 3000 3000
Coffee and products 0 0 9000 9000

Data sources:

Living Wage FAQ.

WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey

World Bank Databank, Fertility rate – average births per woman in years 2010-2014

ILO, Estimated participation rate in 2017

FAO, Food balance sheet in 2013 

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