Living Wages in Bulgaria, per month in BGN

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator calculates Living Wage for around 50 countries based on prices collected within the WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey. The Living Wage calculated by WageIndicator is composed of seven parts: food, housing, transport, health, education, tax and other costs.

WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours to respond to different demands for living wage information: Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Family includes two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (1.5 children per woman). One parent is working full-time and the working hours of second parent are approximated by national employment rate (57% in 2017). Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children. One parent is employed full-time and the second parent works 4 days a week it means family employment rate is 1.8. Single-adult Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time with no dependents.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in BGN)

  Typical family   Standard family   Single-adult  
  from to from to from to
Food 425 515 480 600 120 150
Housing 120 200 120 200 100 175
Transport 90 100 90 100 45 50
Health 30 100 30 100 8 25
Education 50 60 50 60 0 0
Other costs 36 49 39 53 14 20
Total Expenditure 751 1024 809 1113 287 420
Net Living Wage 469 640 449 618 287 420
Gross Living Wage 596 813 571 785 364 533

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in BGN)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of common household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from to
Typical family (two parents + 1.5 children, 1.6 working) 595 815
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 570 785
Two parents and two children, 2 working 515 705
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 685 940
Two parents and two children, 1 working 1030 1420
Two parents and three children, 1.6 working 740 1010
Two parents and four children, 1.6 working 840 1140
Single-adult without children, 1 working 365 535

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in BGN)

Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including minimum wage, poverty line, and various prevailing wages of workers. Table shows the development of income levels over two years.

7-12/20151-6/20167-12/20161-6/2017
  from to from to from to from to
Minimum wage 380 . 420 . 420 . 460 .
Living Wage - Typical Family . . . . 690 915 595 815
Living Wage - Single Adult . . . . 535 715 365 535
Real wage of low-skilled worker 505 730 490 685 470 650 495 620
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 595 895 570 830 560 825 620 850
Real wage of high-skilled worker 865 1380 840 1290 840 1290 895 1240

Note: Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web surveys on work and wages over the last 36 months. Results in the table are rounded.



Living Wage model diet and food prices in BGN

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo fromto
Wheat, barley and cereals 263 690 1.8 2
Rice 5 20 1.8 2.4
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 126 191 8 10
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 8 75 1.5 2.6
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 57 201 1.5 1.9
Maize and products 58 155 4 4
Milk - Excluding Butter 335 204 1.6 2
Vegetables, Other 91 16 1.6 2
Potatoes and products 59 38 .7 1
Butter, Ghee 14 104 9.9 10.4
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 6 14 6 7.5
Pulses, Other and products 1 4 2 4
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 18 25 41.7 2.4
Sunflowerseed Oil 19 170 2 3
Fish products 15 10 9 10
Beer 162 79 2.8 4
Sweeteners, Other 5 12 1.2 1.4
Beans 4 12 2 4.5
Sweet potatoes 0 0 1 1
Bananas 9 5 2 2.5
Apples and products 14 6 1.5 2
Tomatoes and products 41 8 2 2.5
Onions 13 5 .7 1
Oranges, Mandarines 16 5 2 2
Plantains 1 1 2 2.2
Peas 0 1 2 2
Roots, Other 0 0 1 1
Seeds and kernels 5 17 . .
Wine 25 18 8 12
Cream 0 0 4 7
Olives (including preserved) 5 5 6.3 8
Honey 0 0 7.5 9
Citrus, Other 2 0 2 2
Lemons, Limes and products 4 1 2 3
Grapefruit and products 3 1 3 3
Coffee and products 12 5 14 15

Data sources:

Living Wage FAQ.

WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey

World Bank Databank, Fertility rate – average births per woman in years 2010-2014

ILO, Estimated participation rate in 2017

FAO, Food balance sheet in 2013 

 

Cite this page: © WageIndicator 2017 - WageIndicator.org - Living Wages in Bulgaria, per month in BGN