Living Wage Series - Belarus, August 2017 - BYR per Month

Living wages, Wages in context - Belarus

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator calculates Living Wage for around 50 countries based on prices collected within the WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey. The Living Wage calculated by WageIndicator is composed of seven parts: food, housing, transport, health, education, tax and other costs.

WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours to respond to different demands for living wage information: Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Family includes two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (1.6 children per woman). One parent is working full-time and the working hours of second parent are approximated by national employment rate (62% in 2017). Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children. One parent is employed full-time and the second parent works 4 days a week it means family employment rate is 1.8. Single-adult Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time with no dependents.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in BYR)

  Typical family   Standard family   Single-adult  
  from to from to from to
Food 310 415 348 460 87 115
Housing 80 110 80 110 50 71
Transport 24 32 24 32 12 16
Health 30 50 30 50 8 13
Education 40 60 40 60 0 0
Other costs 24 33 26 36 8 11
Total Expenditure 508 700 548 748 165 226
Net Living Wage 318 438 304 416 165 226
Gross Living Wage 368 508 353 482 191 262

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in BYR)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of common household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from to
Typical family (two parents + 1.6 children, 1.6 working) 370 510
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 355 480
Two parents and two children, 2 working 320 435
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 425 580
Two parents and two children, 1 working 635 870
Two parents and three children, 1.6 working 465 630
Two parents and four children, 1.6 working 530 715
Single-adult without children, 1 working 190 260

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in BYR)

Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including minimum wage, poverty line, and various prevailing wages of workers. Table shows the development of income levels over two years.

7-12/20151-6/20167-12/20161-6/2017
  from to from to from to from to
Minimum wage 210 . 230 . 230 . 265 .
Living Wage - Typical Family 1178700 1493200 . . . . 370 510
Living Wage - Single Adult 1075500 1305500 . . . . 190 260
Real wage of low-skilled worker 260 365 265 360 280 375 290 390
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 330 470 345 485 350 495 355 500
Real wage of high-skilled worker 375 535 395 560 395 560 400 560

Note: Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web surveys on work and wages over the last 36 months. Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wage model diet and food prices in BYR

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo fromto
Wheat, barley and cereals 203 552 1.1 1.6
Rice 6 21 .9 1.1
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 183 296 4.8 7
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 20 176 2 2.3
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 71 201 1 1.1
Maize and products 1 3 .7 .9
Milk - Excluding Butter 252 121 .8 .9
Vegetables, Other 214 56 2 3
Potatoes and products 346 231 .5 .6
Butter, Ghee 13 96 1.7 1.9
Groundnuts (Shelled Eq) 7 21 4 4.5
Pulses, Other and products 0 0 1.1 1.8
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 30 42 25 1.3
Sunflowerseed Oil 15 132 2 2.4
Fish products 31 21 3.7 5
Beer 100 49 2.4 3.6
Sweeteners, Other 2 8 1 1.1
Sweet potatoes 0 0 1.2 2
Bananas 15 9 1.5 1.8
Soyabeans 1 2 2 2.7
Apples and products 50 22 1 1.2
Tomatoes and products 42 8 2 2.5
Onions 29 9 .6 .8
Oranges, Mandarines 20 6 1.4 1.7
Plantains 0 0 1.2 1.6
Roots, Other 0 0 .9 1.5
Seeds and kernels 0 0 3 4
Wine 16 12 5.3 6.7
Pineapples and products 2 1 3.3 4
Cream 0 0 2.6 7
Olives (including preserved) 1 1 5 6
Honey 1 2 8 10
Citrus, Other 0 0 1.8 2
Lemons, Limes and products 2 0 2 2.8
Tea (including mate) 1 0 8 10
Grapefruit and products 3 1 1.7 2.3
Coffee and products 3 1 9 12

Data sources:

Living Wage FAQ.

WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey

World Bank Databank, Fertility rate – average births per woman in years 2010-2014

ILO, Estimated participation rate in 2017

FAO, Food balance sheet in 2013 

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