Living Wages in Austria, per month in EUR

The Living Wage is based on the concept that work should provide an adequate income to cover the necessary living costs of a family. WageIndicator calculates Living Wage for around 50 countries based on prices collected within the WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey. The Living Wage calculated by WageIndicator is composed of seven parts: food, housing, transport, health, education, tax and other costs.

WageIndicator presents Living Wages for several household types and working hours to respond to different demands for living wage information: Typical family Living Wage is a baseline estimate that respects the country specific conditions. Family includes two adults and the number of children is given by country specific fertility rate (1.5 children per woman). One parent is working full-time and the working hours of second parent are approximated by national employment rate (60% in 2017). Standard family Living Wage is estimated for a family composed of two adults and two children. One parent is employed full-time and the second parent works 4 days a week it means family employment rate is 1.8. Single-adult Living Wage represents an acceptable standard of living for a single individual working full-time with no dependents.

Expenditure and Living Wage calculation (monthly rates in EUR)

  Typical family   Standard family   Single-adult  
  from to from to from to
Food 570 810 660 920 165 230
Housing 400 470 400 470 400 470
Transport 86 90 86 90 43 45
Health 40 85 40 85 10 21
Education 66 120 66 120 0 0
Other costs 58 79 63 84 31 38
Total Expenditure 1220 1654 1315 1769 649 804
Net Living Wage 763 1034 731 983 649 804
Gross Living Wage 1037 1406 994 1337 883 1094

Note: For more details see Living Wage FAQ.

Family Living Wages (monthly rates in EUR)

There is not a single answer to what is the adequate cost of living. The result is complex, as the cost of living varies by household composition, location, and employment pattern. The following table presents the Living Wage estimates for a set of common household compositions and under different assumptions about working hours.

  from to
Typical family (two parents + 1.5 children, 1.6 working) 1040 1410
Standard family (two parents + 2 children, 1.8 working) 995 1340
Two parents and two children, 2 working 895 1210
Two parents and two children, 1.5 working 1190 1610
Two parents and two children, 1 working 1790 2410
Two parents and three children, 1.6 working 1270 1710
Two parents and four children, 1.6 working 1410 1920
Single-adult without children, 1 working 885 1100

Note: Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wages in Context (monthly rates in EUR)

Living Wages are presented in context with other wage indicators including minimum wage, poverty line, and various prevailing wages of workers. Table shows the development of income levels over two years.

7-12/20151-6/20167-12/20161-6/2017
  from to from to from to from to
Minimum wage . . . . . . . .
Living Wage - Typical Family . . . . . . 1040 1410
Living Wage - Single Adult . . . . . . 885 1100
Real wage of low-skilled worker 1310 1600 1320 1600 1330 1640 1360 1660
Real wage of medium-skilled worker 1870 2360 1940 2420 1910 2420 1930 2420
Real wage of high-skilled worker 2640 3420 2740 3510 2770 3580 2760 3540

Note: Reported monthly earnings of workers in low-, medium-, and high-skilled occupations are obtained from the voluntary WageIndicator web surveys on work and wages over the last 36 months. Results in the table are rounded.

Living Wage model diet and food prices in EUR

The food expenditure is the main component of Living Wage and it is determined by the price of food basket. The food prices are taken from WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey which collects the actual prices of all items necessary to calculate the Living Wage. The composition of the food basket is taken from the national food balance sheets published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The food basket is scaled to 2,100 calories per person per day that is the nutritional requirement for good health proposed by World Bank (Handbook on poverty and inequality, 2009).

Food itemGrams per dayEnergy (kcal)Price per kilo fromto
Wheat, barley and cereals 161 463 2 4
Rice 6 22 1 1.8
Meat (beef, pork, poultry) 155 238 8.1 10
Oils (soyabean, olive, palm) 26 237 . .
Sugar (Raw Equivalent) 67 239 1 1.2
Milk - Excluding Butter 435 165 .9 1
Vegetables, Other 126 33 1.6 2
Potatoes and products 98 68 1.1 2
Butter, Ghee 29 214 . .
Egg (price per 10 eggs) 25 35 33.3 2.5
Sunflowerseed Oil 11 104 . .
Fish products 23 20 10 14
Beer 180 88 2.4 6.4
Sweeteners, Other 8 22 . .
Bananas 18 11 1.4 1.8
Apples and products 81 39 2 2
Tomatoes and products 32 7 2 2
Onions 17 7 . .
Oranges, Mandarines 43 9 2 3
Wine 53 37 5.3 6
Cream 13 26 3.5 4
Honey 2 7 . .
Lemons, Limes and products 6 1 1.8 2
Coffee and products 16 7 5.5 6

Data sources:

Living Wage FAQ.

WageIndicator Cost of Living Survey

World Bank Databank, Fertility rate – average births per woman in years 2010-2014

ILO, Estimated participation rate in 2017

FAO, Food balance sheet in 2013 

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